Passion (hasho) Week
28 March 2021 - 3 April 2021
The commencement of the Passion Week (S'habtho d'Has'ho) according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
The days from Palm Sunday to Holy Saturday are known as the Passion Week (S'habtho d'Has'ho) a week designed to focus our attention on the "passion," or suffering, of Christ.
As we travel into the Passion Week, please keep in mind the following instructions generally given by the Malpans (learned clergy of liturgy) of India in regards to Passion Week:
1) The usual "Qawmo" trisagion (Qadishat Aloho/Holy art thou oh God) is not recited. Instead, a unique different "Qawmo" for each day, according to the (events that occurred in the Bible) is recited. If you don’t know the Qawmo for the specific day, then you can recite a ‘common Qawmo’, “Lord forgive us through Your Passion”.
2) No praying of “Shlom lekh/Hail Mary” or seeking the intercession of any saints.
3) The veil (curtain) of the sanctuary (Madbaho) remains closed for the prayers.
4) The prayers of the hours in the church are conducted with lit candles on the M’northo (Gogultha, cross stand).
5) NO kiss of peace (kaikasthuthi) is given amongst believers. No kissing of the altar, no kissing of other parts of the Church such as the Gospel stand, icons, relics, including the M’northo (Gogultha, Cross-stand). Instead we bow our heads in veneration.
6. NO kissing of a Priest (Qashisho/Achen) or Bishop's (Hasyo/Thirumeni) hand (Kai Muthu) or handcross.
7) The Gospel reading is read by standing at the ‘parts inside the rails’ (Azhikakam). During hasho the words "Peace be to you all" is not said by the priest as a prelude to reciting the Gospel.
8) There are no 40 prostrations after the Noon prayer (like that of Great Lent).
9) St. Ephrem's bovuso (Lord Thy mercy upon us... Karthave Kripa cheyaname) which is normally chanted during Soothara of other seasons, will be replaced by a version specific to Passion Week.
10) No Quqalion sung after Nicene Creed recited during Passion Week.
11) During Holy Thursday service, we skip two stanzas (3rd and 4th) of the hymn ‘Come the time of prayer’ (Yachikendum samayamitha).
12) Instead of the Sh'himo (regular weekday prayers) or the Great Lent prayers; the Phanqitho d'has'ho (haasha namaskaram) will be prayed. The hymns of the daily prayers & various liturgies will be sung in the Hasho tones (Hashonoyo) which are specific for this blessed week.
May our Lord bless all of those who use this week to fast, pray & journey to Him.
Malankara World Passion Week special supplement: https://goo.gl/pV7D0S
Malayalam Prayer Booklet: https://goo.gl/CiRZeT
English Prayer Booklet Morning: https://goo.gl/Kqs1ci
English Prayer Booklet Evening: https://goo.gl/SsQXFh
See more details
Mor Philoxenos of Mabbug (Mor Akhsnoyo) martyrdom +523
1 April 2021
The commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Philoxenus of Mabbug +523 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Also known as Mor Akhsnoyo, Xenaya was born in Tahal, Persia. He studied in Edessa followed by Tel'ada Antioch, later joining the Qartmin Monastery (aka Dayro d-Mor Gabriel) & entering priesthood. St. Philoxenus was consecrated bishop of Mabbug (Hierapolis) by HH Patriarch Peter II (Peter the Fuller). This was during a time of great turbulence in Christianity, hardly 30 years had passed since the infamous Council of Chalcedon. Philoxenus was a vehement champion of the Orthodox Miaphysite theology.
In AD512 St. Severius the Great Patriarch of Antioch replaced the Chalcedonian Flavius II. Mor Philoxenus became his trusted spokesperson. He was a renowned scholar, among the most learned theologians. He wrote several letters on ascetic life, the perfect Christian life, the Holy Trinity & the incarnation, in addition to three texts of Holy Qurbono, & prayers for different hours. Mor Philoxenus also commissioned Cor-Episcopo Polycarp to produce what is known as the 'Philoxenian Bible' in Syriac which was used in the Miaphysite churches till about the 7th century when it was superceded by the Syriac Peshito (which already existed in the complete form since the 5th century).
Regarding the incarnation, Mor Philoxenus wrote espousing the Miaphysite theology: “The very personality of God the word descended from heaven & became man in the womb of the Virgin, personally without conversion. Thus, He became a man who could be seen, felt, handled, & yet as God He continued to possess the spiritual, invisible, & impalpable character essential to Deity. Neither the deity nor the humanity was absorbed one by the other, nor converted one into the other. Nor again by a combination of the two natures was a third evolved as by chemical transformation”
Sadly, following the death of the faithful Orthodox Emperor Anastasius, Justin I became ruler. He adhered to the Chalcedonian faith, & began a great wave of persecution on the Orthodox Miaphysites. Justin I exiled both St. Severius & St. Philoxenus. While in exile Mor Akhsnoyo was murdered by suffocation of smoke. Thus on December 10th 523AD, he attained the crown of martyrdom. Mor Philoxenus of Mabbug is commemorated every Sunday in the Thubden d-Qadishe (5th Thubden/Dypthic) of the Syriac Orthodox Church Holy Qurbono.
Biography courtesy of, 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church'
Oh Mor Akhsnoyo! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Priesthood according to Mor Philoxenus of Mabbug by Abouna Fr. Roger Akhrass: https://goo.gl/Gjc5QT
Lust in the Belly: https://goo.gl/mzuU5r
On MASOCNA calendar
Mor Qardagh +359
"Mar Qardagh of the genso/gensā (nation) of Sennacherib, who was crowned on a Friday."
Qardāgh was born to a noble family in the Sassanid Empire during the 4th century and descended from the "great race and lineage of the kingdom of the Assyrians". When Qardāgh was 25 years old, Shapur II visited his parents’ estate and was impressed with Qardāgh's handsome appearance and athleticism. Qardāgh was appointed as a governor for a large region in northern Persia, there he met Abdisho (ܥܒܕܝܫܘܥ) and converted to Christianity.
Upon returning home Qardāgh was rejected by his family and under pressure from the religious elite, Shapur sentenced him to be stoned. Qardāgh fled with a small army to the mountains where he was able to repel the Persians for months. One night Saint Stephen appeared to him and told him that it was better to give his life for his faith than to continue fighting. He surrendered to the king and it was his own father who threw the first stone.
He was buried in Arbil, Adiabene where a church holding his relics was later constructed.
Passover (phesaho/Thursday of Mysteries(hamsho d-rozé) (Maundy Thursday)
The Passover or Thursday of Mysteries and the Service of the Washing of the Feet (phesaho, hamsho d-rozé, Thekso d'S'hyogtho) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
Today the Church commemorates the Last Supper or Passover meal Christ shared with his disciples. This event was the first Holy Qurbono instituted by our Lord. The Lord used leavened bread (lahmo) which is the bread of life.
Today the Church has a 'Service of the Feet Washing or S'hyogtho' which recollects Christ washing the feet of His disciples, an act of humility that we must all observe in our lives. This service portrays Christ's washing of His disciples' feet after the Last Supper. It starts with the celebrant calling twelve deacons representing the disciples. A priest, or the highest ranking deacon, represents Simon Peter. It is worth noting that the Judas is excluded and replaced by Matthias, the disciple who was chosen to replace Judas after the resurrection of Christ (Acts 1:26). During the service, the celebrant washes the right feet of the 12 deacons, anointing them with oil and kissing them. Then the deacon (or priest) representing Peter, with the other eleven assisting him, washes both feet of the celebrant. If the celebrant is a bishop, he is carried on his chair when he reads the Gospels, amidst the ululation of women. (Courtesy SOR)
The Syriac Christians of Kerala (St. Thomas Christians/Malankara Nasrani) have a tradition of preparing Passover Bread & Milk (pesaha appam & pesaha paal) in remembrance of the Passover event. On Thursday morning the home is cleaned, & the prayers of the day are recited. Following this, the special bread and milk (made from coconut paste) is prepared. The elder of the house will chant the following Qawmo & then break the bread to be shared from eldest to youngest in the family.
'Pesahaa-yaal pesahaadine nee - kkiya masiha
Modi - ppiccharuluka krupa nin pesahaayaal'
'Msheeho dab pesaho sroylé maru pesaho b-pesaho ab-sahalan wethraham`alayn.'
'Christ Whose – Passion abolished – the Passover lamb. Gladden us in Your - Passover'
The Holy Bible readings from the Church Lectionary:
St. John 7:37-52, 8:12-20
St. Matthew 26:17-30
St. John 6:24-40
St. John 6:41-63
St. Luke 22:1-13
Third Hour (9 a.m.):
St. John 12:23-36
Noon (12 p.m.):
St. Luke 7:36-50
St. Mark 14:1-2
Ninth Hour (3 p.m.):
St. Matthew 26:1-19
Before Holy Qurbono:
I Samuel 10:17-21
Isaiah 24:16-18 54:4-10
I Corinthians 11:23-34
St. Luke 22:14-30
For Feet Washing Service:
II Kings 23:21-25
I Peter 3:17-22
St. John 13:1-20
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel: https://goo.gl/ (https://goo.gl/zLT3qd)zLT3qd (https://goo.gl/zLT3qd)
Tone of the Day: Hasho (hashonoyo)
Service from Ma'De'Dono: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Pl24zLwjD63GSGL-GvbIxfG2SvYJkMmW/view?usp=drivesdk
Feet Washing service Syriac from Ma'De'Dono: https://goo.gl/zS433I (https://goo.gl/zS433I)
About Feet washing service: http://sor.cua.edu/Feast/Washing.html
Phesaho hymns: https://goo.gl/B3eNRB (https://goo.gl/B3eNRB)
Malayalam Service Booklet: https://goo.gl/W8kpIk (https://goo.gl/W8kpIk)
Manglish Service book: https://goo.gl/64uqXV (https://goo.gl/64uqXV)
English service book: https://goo.gl/HaxmzD (https://goo.gl/HaxmzD)
Malayalam Feet Washing service book: https://goo.gl/HDPUu4 (https://goo.gl/HDPUu4)
Manglish/English Feet Washing service book: https://goo.gl/IZVbZp (https://goo.gl/IZVbZp)
Discussion about Pesaho in Syriac: https://youtu.be/enQIaiQMTLM (https://youtu.be/enQIaiQMTLM)
Malayalam hymns and raagam: https://youtu.be/ (https://youtu.be/DTolg-JvrTY)DTolg (https://youtu.be/DTolg-JvrTY)- (https://youtu.be/DTolg-JvrTY)JvrTY (https://youtu.be/DTolg-JvrTY)
More on Facebook: https://goo.gl/ (https://goo.gl/dAoyth)dAoyth (https://goo.gl/dAoyth)
St. Mary of Egypt +422
April 1st is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St Mary of Egypt (+422) according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
St Mary of Egypt is one of the most famous female Christian saints and is also a role model for repentance in the Lord.
Biography of the saint courtesy of "Martyrs, Saints & Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church"
St. Mary was an Egyptian, who left home at the age of twelve & went to live in Alexandria, where she lived the life of a prostitute for seventeen years.
There lived in Palestine a holy monk & priest named Zosimus. He was serving God for 53 years & was directed to leave the monastery for one near Jordan, where he might learn how to advance further on the path of holiness. One day Zosimus after travelling a twenty-day’s distance from monastery sat down at noon to say Psalms & to rest. Suddenly he noticed a person running away who seemed to be a hermit. Zosimus ran after him to receive his blessing but the person exclaimed: “Father Zosimus, I am a woman; throw your mantle to cover me that you may come near me.”
She confessed that she lived the life of a prostitute for seventeen years, not for money, but to gratify her lust. At the age of about twenty-eight,she joined (out of curiosity) a group of pilgrims going to Jerusalem to celebrate the feast of the Holy Cross. While travelling with the pilgrims, she continued with her evil ways.Upon their arrival in Jerusalem she tried to enter the church but an invisible force held her back. After two or three
ineffectual attempts, she withdrew to a corner of the outer court. Suddenly a full realization of her sinfulness swept over her. She raised her eyes to the icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of God, with tears. Thereafter, she was able to enter the church to venerate the cross. Then, she returned to the icon of St. Mary to give thanks. There she heard a voice which said, “Go over to Jordan & you shall find rest.”
She crossed River Jordan into the wilderness & remained there for 47 years. She had seen no human being & had lived on edible plants and on dates. She was notable to read & God himself had taught her the mysteries of faith. Mary requested Zosimus not to divulge what she had said. Zosimus promised to meet her again in Jordan on the Maundy Thursday of the following year to give her Holy Communion. The next year on the Maundy Thursday, Mary received communion from Zosimus.But when Zosimus went to meet her the year after that, Mary was found dead. Zosimus buried the body of St. Mary.
May the prayers of St. Mary of Egypt be with all those who are struggling with sin and carnal desires. May her intercession lead us close to God so that we may live in repentance amen.
Great Friday of Crucifixon( 'arubto rabto dazqeephootho) Good Friday, Veneration of the Cross, Friday of the Week of Passion
2 April 2021
The Great Friday of Crucifixon & Veneration of the Holy Cross ('rubto rabto dazqeephootho u seghdto da-Slibo) more commonly known as Good Friday/Dukha velli according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
Today the Church commemorates the crucifixion of our Lord. Symbolically the Good Friday service is considered one of the most beautiful services, depicting the last hours of our Lord's passion from His capture by the Jewish temple authorities to the entombing of His body.
Evening:St. Luke 22:1-30
Midnight:First Qaumo:St. Matthew 26:31-46Second Qaumo:St. Mathew 26:47-48St. Mark 14:27-52Third Qaumo:St. John 18:12-15St. Luke 22:31-62
Morning:Leviticus 4:1-7Numbers 19:1-11Zachariah 13:7-14:5Habakkuk 1:1-12 Ezekiel 13:17-22II Kings 19:20-29Acts 22:30-23:16I Corinthians 1:18-31St. Matthew 27:1-14St. Mark 15:1-10St. Luke 22:66-71St. John 18:28-40
Third Hour (9 a.m.):Matthew 27:26-30Mark 15:21-22Luke 23:26-29John 19:5-14
Noon (12 p.m.):St. Matthew 27:38-44St. Mark 15:29-32St. Luke 23:34-43St. John 19:15-22
Ninth Hour (3 p.m.):St. Matthew 27:45-56St. Mark 15: 33-41St. Luke 23:44-49St. John 19:23-30
Veneration of the Holy Cross:Genesis 22:1-14Exodus 17:8-16Joshua 8:18-25Ezekiel 24:1-17Isaiah 52:13-53:8I Peter 2:19-25Galatians 2:21-3:14, 6:11-18St. Luke 22: 63-23:12 23:13-23 23:24-45St. Mathew 27:3-19 27:24-25 27:51-54 Mathew 27:60St. John 19:23- 42
For sermons/commentaries: https://goo.gl/Oz3yYJ
Tone of the Day: Hasho (hashonoyo)
Malayalam Service book: https://goo.gl/F28gj7
Manglish book: https://goo.gl/uPKsBk
English book: https://goo.gl/XnzanB
Good Friday hymns on YouTube: https://goo.gl/YMKn1q
Passion Week book: https://goo.gl/f9yWer
Syriac Service Book from Ma'De'Dono: https://goo.gl/Oef9GI
Discussion about Good Friday in Aramaic: https://youtu.be/tZOgsQU6Gjw
Malayalam Hymns and ragam for learning purposes: https://youtu.be/hie8hlCAL0I
On Facebook: https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=1698645226849153&id=165154486864909
In Judaeo-Christian mythology Mahalalel is an ancestor of Noah
St. Bartholomew the Apostle
St. Philip the Apostle
Gospel Saturday (Saturday of Good Tidings)
3 April 2021
The Saturday of Good Tidings or Saturday of Light (S'habtho D'Nuhro) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
Today the Church commemorates Christ's decent into Hades, sharing of the Gospel & the releasing of the souls of all who were held captive by death awaiting the promised Messiah. The good news of the resurrection & eternal life is shared with all including Adam. Through His incarnation, life & death, Christ has fulfilled the Divine will for the salvation of mankind.
Following Holy Qurbono the faithful hold special prayers (aneedhe) at the tombs of their departed loved ones. After the priest & deacons recite the common prayer for the departed, the faithful relatives of the deceased encircle the tomb in a counterclockwise direction asking their departed loved ones to plead for our sake before God almighty.
During Vespers of Sunday (conducted on Saturday evening), there will be another service of reconciliation (shub'khono) to prepare us for the Feast of the Resurrection (Hido d'Qymtho).
St. Matthew 27:57-61
St. Mark 15:42-16:1
St. Luke 23:50-24:12
St. John 19:31-42
St. Mathew 27:62-66
Before Holy Qurbono:
Jeremiah 38: 3-13
St. Matthew 27:57 -61
I John 4:11-21
I Corinthians 13:4-10
St. Matthew 18:12-22
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel: https://goo.gl/WN9HE2
Malayalam Hymns: https://goo.gl/gLj5KA
Service from Ma'De'Dono: https://drive.google.com/file/d/10JQkzj4Fg4-o5ev8retaBgJK2U9ZErWP/view?usp=drivesdk
Syriac prayers: https://goo.gl/cW5DbD
Manglish/English Passion Week Service Book: https://goo.gl/EeQxcH
English book: https://goo.gl/A5VpcZ
Why do Orthodox Christians commemorate the departed souls: https://goo.gl/S3SfjR
Prophet Elijah (Mor Eliyo Nbiyo) BC 895
On MASOCNA calendar
April 3rd is the commemoration of the dukhrono of the great Prophet Elijah +895BC according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Eliyo Nbiyo of great fame was from Thisbe or Thesbe, a town of Galaad (Gilead), beyond the Jordan. He was of priestly lineage, a man of a solitary & ascetical character, clothed in a mantle of sheep skin, & girded about his loins with a leathern belt. His name is interpreted as "Yah is my God." His zeal for the glory of God was compared to fire, & his speech for teaching & rebuke was likened unto a burning lamp. From this too he received the name Zealot. Therefore, set aflame with such zeal, he sternly reproved the impiety and lawlessness.
A great, solemn, and important part of the Holy Qurbono (Divine Liturgy) is the Epiclesis i.e. the 'Invocation of the Holy Spirit' before the consecration of the blessed hosts. During the time of Epiclesis, we hear the celebrant cry aloud three times:
"Answer me O Lord"/"Anin Moriyo"
"O Good One, have compassion and mercy upon me"/"ḥus ṭo-bo weth-ra-ḥa-ma‛-lay"
This is so that the Holy Spirit be pleased to transform the offering to the very Holy Body and Blood of the Lord! Herein we are called to remember the way Prophet Elijah cried out while making the sacrifice to God against the baal worshipers (1 Kings 18: 36-39)
Prophet Elijah was suddenly snatched away by a fiery chariot in the year 895 BC, and he ascended as though into heaven, God most certainly translated him alive, as He did Enoch (Gen. 5:24; IV Kings 2: 11). We again read about Elijah in the Gospels as he appears to Jesus during the Transfiguration (St. Matthew 17:3; St. Mark 9:4; St. Luke 9:30)
Oh Mor Eliyo Nbiyo! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Invocation of the Holy Spirit (Epiclesis) by HG Mor Osthatheos Issac: https://youtu.be/nWRTmNEgSNw
St. Theodosia of Tyre
Easter Sunday (Kyomtho)
4 April 2021
The Feast of the Resurrection of our Saviour (Hido da-Qyomto foruqoyto) more commonly known as Easter, according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
As Christ foretold, three days from His death He'll be raised from the dead. By His resurrection He renewed all of creation. Easter is known as the Feast of feasts, & it is among the earliest celebrations in Christendom. One of the earliest accounts on the Easter celebration comes to us through a Syriac work, 'Didascalia Apostolorum'.
In Malankara, from today till the Feast of the cross (Sleebo) we recite the prayers & hymns of Qymtho season each Sunday, also known as "Kymtha Namaskaram"
Qom Moran men Qabro! Mhaiminan u mawdenan d-shariroith qom.
Christ has risen from the tomb! We believe and confess that He truly has risen.
The Holy Bible readings from the Church Lectionary:
St. Matthew 28:1-20
St. Luke 24:1-12
St. John 20:1-18
Celebration of the Holy Cross:
Isaiah 57:19-20 60:17-22
I Peter 5:5-14
St. John 13:34-35, 14:27, 15:11-15, 17-19
Before Holy Qurbono:
Isaiah 60:1-7, 11-16, 61:10-62:5
I Samuel 21:2-7
I Corinthians 15:20-28
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel: https://goo.gl/MPakek
Tone of the Day: 8 & 1
Malayalam service book: https://goo.gl/V1Eu8w
Hymns on YouTube: https://goo.gl/zCty3F
Manglish/English Passion Week Service booklet: https://goo.gl/0c6iiV
English service book: https://goo.gl/DG9bvV
Syriac Service book from Ma'de'dono: https://goo.gl/ASu6P8
On Facebook: https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=1700698246643851&id=165154486864909
Sts. Elpidephorus, Dius, Bithonius, and Galycus
The Holy Martyrs Elpidephorus, Dius, Bithonius, and Galycus suffered for their faith in Jesus Christ. They cut off the head of Saint Elpidephorus with a sword, Saint Dius was executed by stoning, Saint Bithonius was drowned in the sea, and Saint Galycus was condemned to be eaten by wild beasts.
Abouna Rev. Fr. Yousif Aboudy +2008 in Baghdad, Iraq
5 April 2021
April 5th is the commemoration of the martyrdom of Rev. Fr. Yousif Adel Aboudy +2008
Fr. Yousif attained the crown of martyrdom on Saturday April 5th 2008 for remaining steadfast in the true Christian faith & continuing to perform his priestly duty.
Fr. Yousif was gunned down & killed in a drive-by shooting in what was considered one of Baghdad’s safest neighbourhoods, Karrada. This barbaric attack took place outside of his house near the St. Peter and Paul Syriac Orthodox church where he presides. He was shot down with a silencer, & collapsed in front of his home.
"Valukalalum theeyalum - Pedakal njangal sahichalum. A-ssuasam parudeesaya - Lennallo sahader chollunnu"
"Though we suffer fire and sword
Tortures that we en-dure
Repose in the pa-ra-dise
Thus the Ho-ly marty-rs sing"
Bright Week (S'habtho d'Hevorae)
5 April 2021 - 10 April 2021
From Easter to the following Saturday, the Syriac Orthodox Church celebrates Bright Week (S'habtho d'Hevorae). Bright Week starts on Easter & ends on the following Saturday, the Sunday after that being New Sunday (had'bshabo hadto or puthu njyaar).
In the earliest times of the Church, it was more common for adults to be baptized rather than children, however as attested from the words of the various church fathers, child baptism also existed. The Catechumens (Christian converts awaiting baptism) would be instructed on the faith & traditions of the Church. The days of Great Lent was seen as the best time for them to be taught effectively. Each Catechumen would be sufficiently taught the intricacies of Orthodox Christianity from the basic principles to the finer details, adequately preparing them for their new life as a child of God. Church fathers including St. John Chrysostom agreed that the best day for these Catechumens to be baptized was Easter, therefore at the end of their period of instruction during the Holy Great Lent, the converts would be baptized on Easter Sunday. From Easter to New Sunday there was Holy Qurbono every day, & it was customary for the newly baptized neophytes to wear a shining white robe to church during the week symbolizing the robe of heavenly glory granted to those who've received the Holy Spirit. Mor Dionysius Yac'ub Bar Salibi stresses that the neophytes were to not bathe for 7 days following their baptism. Since the churches & streets were filled with many neophytes wearing their white shining robes, the week became known as Bright Week. The neophytes would then receive Holy Qurbono on New Sunday.
While it's rare to have adult baptism now, & Catechumens may be baptized on days other than Easter, Syriac Orthodox Christians (especially Infants) still wear white robe after their baptism.
For a detailed explanation on Bright Week: https://goo.gl/CNYTPJ
Syriac Prayers for the week: https://goo.gl/E7dynr
Another article: https://goo.gl/h98Q9E
Glorification of St. Mary after the Resurrection of our Lord
"A feast in honour of St. Mary on the day following the Resurrection of the redeemer and His rising from the dead."
Reference, "The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church" by the thrice blessed late Patriarch HH Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory.
Commemorated annually on the Monday after Easter.
Hevorae Monday (Monday after Easter) (Tren-bshabo dhewore)
Monday of Bright Week (Tren-bshabo d'Hevorae) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
Commemorations (RSoH): St. Mary Magdalene and the Prophets
The Holy Bible readings from the Church Lectionary for Hevorae Monday:
St. Luke 24:13-35
St. Matthew 28:11-20
Before Holy Qurbono:
I Kings 18:36-40
I Peter 2:19-25
St. John 2:18-25
Tone of the Day: 2
Mor Ya`qub of Nisibis (+338)
Known as "Moses of Mesopotamia", Mor Ya`qub was the bishop of Nisibin from 308/9 A.D. till his death in AD 338. Mor Ya`qub has always been a prominent figure in the Syriac-speaking Church tradition. He acquired a reputation for great learning, ability and holiness. Little is known about his life; however, we know that he took a leading role in opposing the Arian heresy at the Council of Nicaea (325). He is honored as a malphono (i.e., theological doctor) by both the Syriac and Armenian Churches. Mor Ya`qub of Nisibin undertook the construction of a church building in Nisibin between 313 and 320. His relics were saved from the a Persian invasion and were send to Constantinople for safety around the year 970.
Creation and expulsion of Adam from paradise
6 April 2021
Sedro of Good Friday: On Friday, the sixth of the month of Nisan, You did create Adam the first man to be the king of these things on earth. You placed him in Paradise that he might rejoice with glory and to have affinity with the angels. On Friday morning, You made him heir in Eden and gave him authority over all things on earth. But at the third hour, foolishly he approached the desirable fruit and ate (it) hastily and become naked.
Hevorae Tuesday (Tloth-bshabo dhewore)
Commemorations (RSoH): Adam, Eve, Seth, Enoch. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
St. Mark 15:37-16:8
St. Mark 16:9-18
Before Holy Qurbana:
Great Wisdom 1:1-8
St. Mark 8:11-21
St. Irenaeus of Sirmium +304
April 6th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Irenaeus of Sirmium +304 according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Irenaeus was a bishop of Sirmium (the capital of Pannonia, an ancient province of Roman Empire, Northern Siberia, now Serbia) who was a martyr at Sirmium under the governor Probus in the Diocletian persecution. When called on by Probus to sacrifice to pagan gods he answered: “Whoever sacrifices to the gods will be cast into hell. My duty is to undergo torture rather than deny my God & sacrifice to demons.” Later, he was tortured & imprisoned.
In the final trial he again refused to sacrifice to gods & said: “If anyone renounces me before men, him will I renounce before my father who is in Heaven.” The final words of Irenaeus were: “Lord Jesus Christ, You consented to suffer for the salvation of the world, let Your heaven open that Your angels may take up the soul of Your servant Irenaeus, who suffers all this for Your name & for the people of the church of Sirmium. I ask & implore your mercy to receive me & strengthen them in your faith” Then he was sentenced to be beheaded & thrown in the river Siva.
Biography Courtesy: "Martyrs, Saints, and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church"
Sts. Cosmas & Damian, Martyrs +306
April 6th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Cosmas and St. Damian +306 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Qozma & Mor Dumyana were twin brothers. They were born in Arabia & they studied the sciences in Syria & became eminent in their skills in medicine. They treated patients without taking any fee, instead asking those who were healed to believe in Christ Jesus.
They were imprisoned by the order of Lysias, governor of Cilicia. The brothers were persecuted for their faith in Christ. It is recorded that while they were hanging on crosses, the mob stoned them, but the stones flew backwards & hit the tormentors; similarly, the arrows of archers who were brought up to shoot at them turned in the air & scattered the bowmen. After various torments, they were beheaded for the faith. Thus Mor Cosmas & Mor Damian attained the crown of martyrdom. Three others, Anthimus, Leontius & Euprepius are also said to have been martyred with them.
Many miracles of healing were ascribed to them after their death. St. Cosmas & St. Damian are the patron saints of doctors.
Biography courtesy of, 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church'
Oh Mor Qozma & Mor Dumyana! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
120 Martyrs of Persia
7 April 2021
The Holy 120 Martyrs suffered under the Persian emperor Sapor. They were taken into captivity during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Constantios (337-361). They were consigned to the flames after firmly confessing their faith (c.344-347). Saint Shandulios (November 3) concealed their relics from desecration by the pagans. Among the holy martyrs were ten virgins, who had dedicated themselves to the service of God.
Hevorae Wednesday (Arb`o-bshabo dhewore)
Commemorations (RSoH): St. Mary the mother of God
St. Luke 23:46-24:11
St. Luke 24:12-24
Before Holy Qurbana:
St. Mark 8:27-32
St. Aphrahat, the Ascetic
April 7th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Aphrahat the Ascetic +346 according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Aphrahat, was born into a pagan family but he accepted Christianity & later became a monk. Mor Aphrahat who was otherwise known as ‘the Sage of Persia’ later shifted to Edessa, famous for its strong Christian heritage. He spoke publicly against the heresies of Arius. He replied in similes to those who engaged him in arguments.
All historians comment on the twenty three Expositions (Demonstrations) and speeches of Aphrahat. They deal with faith, prayers of repentance, fasting, the divinity of Christ & the resurrection. He gives a lot of importance to monastic life & celibacy. The above mentioned homilies refer to all the sacraments. In all his teachings he stressed the fact that Jesus was the son of God and Peter was the chief priest designated to lead the sheep of the Church established by Jesus.
Biography courtesy of 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church'
Oh Mor Aphrahat, pray for us all especially persecuted Christians in Mesopotamia amen.
Agabus the prophet and apostle
8 April 2021
According to Acts 11:27-28, he was one of a group of prophets who travelled from Jerusalem to Antioch. Also, according to Acts 21:10-12, 'a certain prophet' named Agabus met Paul the Apostle.
Hevorae Thursday (Hamsho-bshabo dhewore)
Commemorations (RSoH): Apostles and Doctors of the Church
St. John 19:30-20:2
St. John 20:3-18
Before Holy Qurbana:
I Kinngs 20:28-30
I John 4:19-5:15
St. Matthew 16:20-24
Mor Dionysius I (Mar Thoma VI) +1808
April 8th is the anniversary of the demise of Mor Dionysius I (Mar Thoma VI) +1808.
Mor Dionysius I was the Malankara Metropolitan until his demise, he was known as Dionysius the Great. He gave the Syriac Bible to Dr. Claudius Buchanan, which is now kept at Cambridge University, England.
On 29th of May 1770, Mor Thoma VI was re-consecrated by the patriarchal delegates, Mor Gregorios Yuhannon & Mor Ivanios Yuhannon, with the title Dionysius & was invested with the cross & the crozier sent from Antioch for his predecessor. Thenceforth, the government of the Malankara Church was vested in Mor Dionysius I & Mor Ivanios Yuhannon (Patriarchal Delegate) conjointly, & Mor Gregorios Yuhannon retired to the church at Mattancheri built by Mor Baselios Shakralla Maphriyano.
Mor Dionysius I departed to the heavenly abode on April 8th 1808. His mortal remains were interred in Puthencavu Syrian Church.
Biography courtesy of Syriac Christianity website
Oh Mor Dionysius I! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Hevorae Friday/Friday of Confessors (`Rubto dmawdyone)
9 April 2021
Commemorations (RSoH): Martyrs of Maipherqat, confessors and pilgrims. St. Mary, Anne, Elizabeth.
Friday of Confessors ('rubto d-mawdyone) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
Confessors are all those individuals who continued to "confess" that Jesus was Lord despite the afflictions & persecutions they faced. (Mor Severios Mushe Bar Kifo +903; Syriac theologian & malfono of the Church). They are the men & women whom have suffered for their faith (usually physical torture, but other types of loss as well) but were not killed & are therefore distinguished from those who attained the crown of martyrdom (sohde).
In the Syriac Orthodox Liturgical Calendar, the Friday after Easter during Bright Week ('rubto d'Hevorae) is dedicated to the Confessors. However, within Syriac Christianity the Confessors are given another interpretation. They are those whom were raised from the graves by Christ who descended to Sheol. They make their confession, proclaiming the glory of Christ & then return to their graves.
German translation of the Syriac excerpt from Mor Epiphanius of Salamis' "treatise on the 12 gemstones" ( de duodecim gemmis rationalis) by malfono Gabriel Rabo about the Confessors: https://goo.gl/HLpcsH
Syriac Prayer: https://goo.gl/E7dynr
St. John 20:18-23
St. Matthew 27:50-61
Before Holy Qurbono:
I Peter 3:17-22
St. Mark 9:9-15
May the intercession of the Confessors of the Holy Church be with us all!
Mor Yulios Kuriakose +2011
April 9th is the anniversary of the demise of HG Mor Yulios Kuriakose +2011. Mor Yulios was the Metropolitan of the Simhasana-Patriarchal churches & institutions in India.
Kuirakose, the youngest son of Varkey, Kochupurackal, Veliyanad and Elyamma was born on 6 July 1933. Kuriakose belonged to St. Stephen’s Knanaya Church, Veliyanad. He joined Manjinikkara dayaro as a student at the age of twenty-two. The delegate of the Holy see of Antioch, Mor Yulios Elias Qoro ordained him a Deacon in February 1955. His theological studies were completed under the tutelage of Very Rev. Raban Yac'ub (late Mor Julius Yac'ub Madappatt) & Rev. Mousa Salama Ramban.
He assisted Mor Yulios Elias in various capacities after his ordination as a deacon & a Qashisho. After his ordination in 1958, he served as a vicar in Thumpamon and Perumpilly churches & in a church of St. Antony’s association, Mangalore.
Rev. Fr. Kuriakose was appointed as the first Secretary to the Patriarch Mor Ignatius Zakka Iwas from 1984 to 2004. During this period, he visited many foreign lands along with the Patriarch. He was consecrated a raban by the Patriarch at St. George Cathedral, Damascus on 22 December 1990. His consecration as a Metropolitan under the name Mor Yulios was done at St. Peter’s & St. Paul’s Cathedral, Ma'arat Saidnaya, Damascus on 27 September 1998.
His skill in the use of Syriac language enabled him to translate many Syriac books to Malayalam. He learnt the practice of Syrian rites of worship directly from Mor Yulios Elias & it inspired many to follow the Syriac tradition without blemish.
Mor Yulios Kuriakose led a life of rest during the final stages of his life in Gethsemane dayaro, Piramadam. He arrived at Manjanikkara dayaro on 8 April 2011 & participated in the Holy Qurbono & noon prayers on Saturday, 9 April. As he was resting in the afternoon, he suffered a heart attack & departed for the heavenly abode by 4 p.m. His mortal remains were entombed on the western side of the tomb of his mentor & teacher, Mor Yulios Elias at Manjanikkara Dayro cathedral on 11 April 2011.
Biography Courtesy, "Martyrs, Saints, and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church"
Oh Mor Yulios Kuriakose! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Hevorae Saturday (Shabtho dhewore)
10 April 2021
Commemorations (RSoH): Priests, hermits, monks. All the faithful departed.
St. Luke 24:25-44
St. Matthew 27:62-28:20
Before Holy Qurbana:
I Kings 17:17-22
II Kings 23:21-25
St. Mark 12:18-27
Martyrs of Carthage
Martyrs Saint Terence, Saint Africanus, Saint Maximus, Saint Pompeius, Saint Theodore and those with them, beheaded at Carthage
Mor Ya`qub of Nisibin (+338)
New Sunday (had b-shabo hadto/Sunday after Easter)
11 April 2021
The first Sunday after Easter & New Sunday (had'bshabo qadmoyo d'Qymtho, had'bshabo hadto) known in Malayalam as Puthu Njyaar according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
In the early days of the Holy Church, all the neophytes who were baptized on Easter & whom were learning about the faith & traditions of the Church during the Bright Week (S'habtho d'Hevorae) would receive their first true Holy Communion. With said Holy Qurbono, it would be a new chapter in the lives of these Christians.
The Gospel of St. John recalls Christ's revelation to His Apostles following His Resurrection. Today the Church also commemorates the proclamation of faith by St. Thomas, "My Lord & my God" John 20:28. He is traditionally referred to as 'Doubting Thomas' because of the exchange between him & his fellow Apostles as written in the Gospel of St. John 20:24-25. However, this doubt isn't a lapse in his character as a disciple or his genuine belief in God. It should be seen in the light of one whose faith is further strengthened by the manifested glory of God's miraculous power. Doubt is the first step to belief. It is his confession of faith in front of the newly appeared Christ, that will be etched in Christendom for eternity. Christ knew the heart of Thomas & tells him to feel His wounds. There is not an unbelieving word in our tongues, nor thought in our minds, but it is known to the Lord Jesus; & he was pleased to accommodate himself even to Thomas, rather than leave him in his unbelief. Thomas proclaims 'My Lord and my God' (John 20:28).This proclamation is the sum total of the salvific act of Jesus Christ on earth. This confession of faith is repeated in every Holy Qurbono when the second coming of Christ is commemorated.
St. John 20:19-25
St. John 20:19-31
Before Holy Qurbono:
1 Kings 18:36-40
I Peter 2:18-25
St. John 20:19-31
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel: https://goo.gl/HSFvfG
Tone of the Day: 1 (5 for alternate days of the week)
Syriac Prayers for Hadbshabo Hadto: https://goo.gl/CYSOsY
Service from Ma'De'Dono: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1a5OxR1A79gCYuXqBILLWAuPh5WNpx1FJ/view?usp=drivesdk
St. Antipas of Pergamum
St. Tryphena of Rome
Metropolitan Consecration of H.E. Mor Clemis Eugene Kaplan
12 April 2021
H.E. Mor Clemis Eugene Kaplan, Patriarchal Vicar of the Syriac Orthodox Archdiocese of the Western United States was consecrated on April 12th 1991 by the thrice blessed late Patriarch HH Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory.
St. Aho the ascetic +524
Commemorated annually on the Monday after New Sunday (had'bshabo hadto).
Mor Aho was born around 419 A.D. in the city of Rish'aino (Ras ul-'ayn now), which is to the south & east of Nisibis in present day Syria near Hassekeh, his father's name was 'Ubadyo. Aho was one of his three children. At the age of twelve he became the disciple of a local monk, & the Lord bestowed wisdom on the child & he was enlightened and became wiser than all the other children.
Mor Aho Monastery/Dayro Daslibo(Monastary of the Cross) was founded in the 6th century AD by Mor Aho. He was trained by a local monk in the liturgy of the Syriac Orthodox Church, & founded the monastery after escaping from his conscription into the Persian army in 573. The reason why the monastery is also called the monastery of the Holy Cross is because the monastery of Mor Aho is one of many sites which claim to have a fragment of the Holy Cross. Legend states that at some point after the founding of the Monastery, Mor Aho found a fragment of the Holy Cross in either Jerusalem or Constantinople. He managed to steal the relic by hiding it inside of a wound in his leg. After placing the relic in his leg, The wound miraculously healed, allowing him to escape with the fragment unnoticed. The monastery’s main church was built over the supposed site of the relic, which is believed to of been buried in an undisclosed location in that area. Therefore, the relic can't be seen & no one knows exactly where it is. Mor Aho is also responsible for the conversion of four villages in the area of Malayta, & for the foundation of another monastery in Tur Abdin. He died at an old age, & his tomb is located beneath the Monastery.
Dayro d-slibo aka Mor Aho Monastery had to be abandoned during the Aramean Genocide (Sayfo) perpetrated by the Turks in 1915.
St. Antipas, Bishop of Pergamum
Disciple of St. John
“And to the angel of the Church of Pergamum write: the words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword. I know where you live, where the throne of Satan is, and you cleave unto My Name, and have not renounced My faith, even in those days when Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwells” (Rev 2:12-13).
St. Crescens of Myra in Lycia
St. Julius of Rome +352
Mar Thoma II +1686
13 April 2021
April 13th is the anniversary of the demise Mar Thoma II +1686.
Mar Thoma II was the second native-born Metropolitan of the Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church after the Koonan Kurishu Sathyam of 1653. He was consecrated in 1670 by his predecessor Mar Thoma I & by St. Gregorios Abdul Jaleel the honorary Patriarch of Jerusalem, & the Patriarchal representative of the Holy Apostolic See of Antioch to Malankara.
It was Mar Thoma II who requested the Patriarch of Antioch and all the East Mor Ignatius Abdul Messih I to help strengthen the faith of the Syriac Orthodox faithful in India during a period of great turbulence. Upon receiving this request, St. Baselios Yeldho Maphriyano was sent to Malankara.
Not much is known about the life of Mar Thoma II. After serving the Holy Church for 16 years, Mar Thoma II departed for the heavenly abode on April 13th 1686. His mortal remains were interred in St. Mary's Valiyapally Niranam.
Biography courtesy of Syriac Christianity website. Illustration of Mar Thoma only for artistic purposes.
Oh Mar Thoma II! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
St. Artemon the Presbyter of Laodicea in Syria
In hagiography: Guhishtazad was a eunuch martyr at Karka d-Ledan in Persia. He was an old man who worked under Shapur II. He was head of the eunuchs and became a Christian, but he lapsed into Zoroastrianism. But the example of Simeon bar Ṣabbaʿe (Shimun bar sabbae) inspired Guhishtazad to become Christian again, and he died a martyr.
Mar Shimun Bar Sabbae
14 April 2021
April 14th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Simeon Barsabae and the martyrs of Persia according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mar Shimun Bar Sabbae was assistant to bishop Papa bar Aggai. He was one of the attendees at the Holy Ecumenical Synod of Nicea in 325AD. St. Simeon later become bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon (the see of the East, precursor to the Maphrian-Catholicos, under the Patriarch of Antioch). He was arrested when he refused to comply with a royal order to raise a double tax from the Christian community during the great persecution by King Sharpur II of the Persian Sassanid Empire.
After being arrested in Seleucia, Mor Shimun was transported to Karka d-Ledan, in Beth Huzaye. He had several meetings with the king who tried to convince St. Simeon to reject Christ and worship the pagan deities. But Mor Shimun refused to give up his faith in the Lord God. By order of king Sharpur II, Mor Shimun was beheaded on Good Friday along with 100 bishops and priests & countless faithful. Thus Mor Shimun Bar Sabbae attained the crown of martyrdom. The memory of St. Simeon Barsabae is honoured throughout the Christian world.
Oh Mor Shimun Bar Sabbae! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Biography courtesy of, Fr. Al-Khoury Yousif Albanna and GEDSH
St. Aristarchus and St. Trophimus
Among the Seventy (seventy two) Disciples.
George Bishop of the Arabs
15 April 2021
Metropolitan Consecration of H.E. Mor Polycarpus Augin Aydin
H.E. Mor Polycarpus Eugene Aydin, Patriarchal Vicar in Holland was consecrated on April 15th 2007 by late HH Mor Ignatius Zakka I
St. Peter the Holy Apostle
The fifth day of the second week after Easter: St. Peter the Holy Apostle
Commemorated annually on the Thursday of the second week after Easter.
Agape, Irene and Chionia, in Illyria
16 April 2021
Leonidas, Chariessa, Nice, Galina, Kalista, Nunechia, Basilissa, Theodora, and Irene, of Corinth
Mor Athanasius Y. Samuel, Holland (+1995)
April 16th is the anniversary of the dukhrono of HE Mor Athanasius Yeshu Samuel.
H.E. was the first Archbishop of the united Syriac Orthodox Archdiocese of North America.
Mor Athanasius was born on Christmas Day & therefore given the name Yeshu. His early life is filled with hardship & suffering as was common for the Syriac Orthodox Christians in Turkey who were being persecuted. However, his story in particular is a testament to the grace of God & our Lord's endless blessing in the midst of adversity.
HE was the secretary to St. HH Mor Ignatius Elias III Patriarch of blessed memory, & accompanied HH during his journey to India. Mor Athanasius remained in India following the passing of St.Ignatius, & was later ordained priest by Apostolic delegate to India Mor Yulios Elias. He returned to Jerusalem soon afterwards.
In 1947 while Bishop of Jerusalem & Jordan, HE acquired the most ancient Biblical manuscript known, the 'Dead Sea Scrolls' from a Bedouin tribe. The manuscript predates existing known manuscripts of the Hebrew texts by 1000 years. The discovery led to finding further artifacts in the Qumran caves.
HE then left for USA & helped establish countless churches in the States & Canada. He translated numerous Syriac texts to English to help the faithful (something he continued till his passing). On November 15th 1957 HH Mor Ignatius Aphrem I enthroned Mor Athanasius as the first Archbishop of the newly created Syriac Orthodox Archdiocese of North America. The Archdiocese included the parishes of the Suryoye & Malankara faithful.
HE lived a very simple & pious life. In 1993 HH Patriarch Zakka I honored Mor Athanasius with the title, ro`yo shariro (True Shepherd) and awarded him the Grand Cross of St. Ignatius Nurono.
Mor Athanasius left for the heavenly abode on April 16th 1995. His mortal remains are interred in a mausoleum below the sanctuary of the Holy Virgin Mary Cathedral in Glane, Netherlands.
Today the Church in North America has 4 dioceses which are the remnants of HE's original Archdiocese:
Malankara Archdiocese of the Syrian Orthodox Church in North America
Archdiocese of the Syriac Orthodox Church for the Eastern United States
Syriac Orthodox Archdiocese of the Western United States
Syriac Orthodox Diocese of Canada
Knanaya Archdiocese of USA
For full biography visit: https://goo.gl/nc0IVD
An article about Mor Athanasius written in German by malfono Gabriel Rabo: https://goo.gl/T1Ij01
On Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/OrthodoxSyriac/posts/1357512444295768
Metropolitan Consecration of H.E. Mor Justinos Paulos Safar
17 April 2021
H.E. Mor Yostinos Paulos Safar, Patriarchal Vicar of Zahle & Bekaa in Mount Lebanon was consecrated on April 17th 2005 by late HH Mor Ignatius Zakka I
Metropolitan Consecration of H.E. Mor Nicolaos Matti Abdelahad
H.E. Mor Nicholovos Matti Abd Alahad, Patriarchal Vicar of Spain was consecrated on April 17th 2005 by late HH Mor Ignatius Zakka I.
St. Acacius, Bishop of Melitene
Abraham of the High Mountain
18 April 2021
Abraham was a famous monk and miracle-worker of the monastery of the High Mountain north of Mount Izla, and he was the teacher of Bar Ṣauma (Mor Barsawmo)) He founded a monastery near Midyat where the stylite Abel was.
First Sunday after New Sunday
2nd Sunday after Easter (had'bshabo trayono d'Qymtho) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
In today's Gospel, Christ appears to His disciples for the third time following His resurrection.
St. John 21:1-14
St. John 21:15-25
Before Holy Qurbono:
Great Wisdom 1:1-8
St. Mark 8:11-21
St. John 21:1-14
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel reading: https://goo.gl/UrW8wE
Tone of the Day: 2 (6 for alternate days of the week)
Syriac prayers for had'bshabo trayono d'Qymtho: https://goo.gl/H5X5ZE
Mor Chrysostomos Mousa Salama +1996
April 18th is the anniversary of the demise of HE Mor Chrysostomos Mousa Matanos Salama +1996.
Mor Chrysostomos was the Syriac Orthodox Missionary-Archbishop of Brazil and South America. As a zealous missionary, he had a significant role in opening up the Syriac Church to the non-syrian natives of Brazil who joined the Church.
Prior to being Archbishop, Mor Chrysostomos was a Raban in Dayro d-Mor Ignatius Manjinikkara. Here, he learnt Malayalam & even wrote the book 'Jeeva Jalam' a commentary for the Gospels of each Sunday in the Church calendar. Raban Mousa was also the teacher of many eminent personalities including:
-Mor Yulios Kuriakose +2011
-Mor Polycarpus Geevarghese +2011
Mor Chrysostomos Mousa Matanos Salama departed for the heavenly abode on April 18th 1996. May his prayers be with us.
Full biography: https://igrejasirianortodoxa.com/igreja-no-brasil/mor-crisostomos-salama/
Mor Ivanios Yuhannon +1794
April 18th is the anniversary of the demise of Mor Ivanios Yuhannon +1794.
Mor Ivanios Yuhannon accompanied St. Baselios Shakralla Maphriyano to India as a Qashisho. He would be consecrated bishop by the saint in 1752 at Kandanad church.
He was instrumental in reintroducing the West-Syriac Liturgy to the Malankara Church which had been freed from the clutches of Roman Catholic supremacy only a century prior. Mor Ivanios along with Mor Gregorios Yuhannon reconsecrated Mar Thoma VI as Mor Dionysius I. Together with Mor Dionysius I, Mor Ivanios Yuhannon would govern the Malankara Church.
Mor Ivanios Yuhannon departed for the heavenly abode on April 18th 1794. His mortal remains were interred in Chengannur Old Syrian Church.
Oh Mor Ivanios Yuhannon! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
St. Cyrus of Harran
Mar Thoma III +1688
19 April 2021
April 19th is the anniversary of the demise of Mar Thoma III +1688.
Mar Thoma III was the third native-born Metropolitan of the Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church after the Koonan Kurishu Sathyam of 1653. He was from Pakalomattom family & was consecrated by Mor Ivanios Hidayathulla the delegate of the Holy Apostolic See of Antioch to Malankara.
Mar Thoma III would govern the Malankara Church for only 2 years. At a young age he departed for the heavenly abode on April 19th 1688. His mortal remains were interred in St. Thomas Church Kadampanad.
Biography courtesy of Syriac Christianity website. Illustration of Mar Thoma only for artistic purposes.
Oh Mar Thoma III! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
St. Rufus at Melitine in in Armenia
20 April 2021
Commemorated on the Monday after New Sunday (had'bshabo hadto) annually.
St. Paphnutius of Jerusalem
Abduction of H.E Mor Gregorios Yohanna Ibrahim, martyrdom of Deacon Fatuh +2013
21 April 2021
April 21st the Syriac Orthodox Church commemorates the martyrdom of Deacon Fatuh +2013. The Church also earnestly pleads for the release of HE Mor Gregorios Yohanna Ibrahim & HE Metropolitan Paul (Boulus) Yazigi who were abducted 5 years ago.
On April 21st 2013 HE Mor Gregorios Archbishop of Aleppo, & HE Metropolitan Paul Yazigi (brother of HB John X, Patriarch of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch) were abducted by terrorists on their way back from Antakya, Turkey to their respective dioceses in Aleppo, Syria. The two bishops were trying to negotiate the release of two abducted priests who were kidnapped earlier. Deacon Fatuh, the driver of Mor Gregorios, was murdered on the spot. Thus he attained the crown of martyrdom. Unfortunately, the whereabouts of both prelates is still unknown.
Barekmor Sayidna! While 5 Years have passed since that wretched day, we are just as devastated. We beg mercy to our Lord & ask for your return back to us safe & sound. Our heart aches as we think of your suffering.
Likewise, we commemorate the martyrdom of Syriac Orthodox Deacon, Fatuh who was murdered at the hands of terrorist. May he sit amongst the company of the holy martyrs of the Church.
We the children of the Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch & the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch lift our hands up in unceasing prayer, and beg so our bishops may bless us with their fatherly presence once again.
Mor Augin (St. Eugene)
Saint Mor Augin is the traditional founder of Syriac monasticism. He originated from Qluzma in Egypt, and started off as a pearl diver who gave pearls to the poor and needy. In mid-life he decided to become a monk at the monastery of St. Pachomius, and from there he and his brotherhood, the holy 70 ancestors, set off to Bethnahrin (Mesopotamia), settling in the region of Mount Izlo. The remains of the monastery dedicated to his name still stands on the slopes of Mount Izlo, overlooking the Mesopotamian plain. His name testifies his success and his glory because it is translated as “the good man” (Bar Hebreus, vol. 1, 1872-1877, p. 85ff).
As Mor Augin was a great and respectable monk, his word and achievement was known even in Byzantium (Constantinople) and by the Emperor Constantine. He said: “These three warriors are known in our kingdom: Antonius in Egypt, Illarion at the coast and Mor Augin who moved out of Egypt and come and settled down in your region and enlightened it. We plead and beg of him that he prays for us in front of Our Lord, so that we and our kingdom will be protected and safe.” (Tale of Saint Mor Augin).
He’s called “Second Christ” in the Syriac tradition owning to the miraculous deeds he did. This certainly does not mean an equality between the both of them, rather it expresses the particularly tight succession of Mor Augin.
Mor Augin and his companions filled and decorated the whole east with monasteries and churches, from Egypt to the border of Persia.
In 363, Saint Mor Augin passed away at a great age and advanced to the kingdom of heaven. “His body was buried in the cave underneath his monastery’s southern altar. His holy relics are kept till today in the monastery. May his prayers be with us” (P. Behnam, 1908, p- 18f).
Mor Augin Monastery https://morauginmonastery.wordpress.com/
Mar Thoma I +1670
22 April 2021
April 22nd is the anniversary of the demise of Mar Thoma I +1670.
Mar Thoma I was the first native-born Metropolitan of the Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church after the Koonan Kurishu Sathyam of 1653. Previously known as Arkadiyokan (Archdeacon) Thoma, he along with Itty Thommen Kathanar (Knanaya priest & leader) led the Malankara faithful in the revolt against the Roman Catholic Church & Portuguese persecutors. This historic event is known as the Koonan Kurishu Sathyam (Oath at the Leaning Cross). It is the first recorded mass revolt against the Western colonialism & forced Roman Catholic supremacy in history! The Koonan Kurishu Sathyam cemented the reinvigorated faith of the Syriac Christians of Malankara & their unflinching loyalty to the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East. This monumentally historic event would pave way for the reestablishment of the Syriac Orthodox hierarchy in Malankara as had been present since the dawn of Christianity in India.
Mar Thoma I was given his full episcopal consecration by St. Gregorios Abdul Jaleel the honorary Patriarch of Jerusalem under the authority of the Patriarch of Antioch and all the East. Mor Gregorios came to Malankara on authority of the Patriarch of Antioch, who received letters from the Malankara Church. Those who accepted Mar Thoma I as the rightful Metropolitan under the authority of the Holy Apostolic See of Antioch are known as Malankara Jacobite Syrian Christians, while those who rejected him continued to be under the yoke of Roman Catholic supremacy (forming the Syro-Malabar Church).
Mar Thoma I along with Mor Gregorios would lead the Malankara Church, strengthening the faithful to remain loyal to the Patriarch of Antioch even in the midst of persecution & coercion by the Portuguese Roman Catholics. Mar Thoma I departed for the heavenly abode on April 22nd 1670. His mortal remains were interred at the southern side of the 'Hykala' of St. Mary's Soonoro Jacobite Syrian Cathedral Angamali.
Oh Mar Thoma I! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
On Facebook: https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=1722288264484849&id=165154486864909
Peter III of Callinicum +591
Patriarch of Antioch
St. John the Holy Apostle
On the fifth day of the third week week after Easter: St. John the Evangelist
Commemorated annually on the Thursday of the third week after Easter
St. George the Martyr (Mor Gewargis Sahdo)
23 April 2021
April 23rd is the commemoration of the dhukrono of St. George the Martyr +303 (Mor Gewargis Sahdo) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church. His feast is celebrated with great reverence by the faithful worldwide.
Wishing everyone a blessed Feast of St. George the Martyr (Mor Gewargis Sahdo) especially to all with the name or baptized with the name George (including Geevarghese, Gewargis, Varghese, Varkey etc)! Oh Mor Gewargis Sahdo, plead for us at God's throne of grace amen!
Biography: George (Gurgis/Jurjis) was born in Cappadocia, East Asia Minor in c. A. D. 283. His parents were of royal origin as described
by Meta Frastres (Moothedan, 2001). His Father is thought to be an army chief of Emperor Diocletian. George was also a high-ranking military officer in the army of Diocletian.There are several legendary and historical descriptions about St. George and it is difficult to distinguish between the two. However, most of the books refer to an incident which is described here.
One day George was riding a horse in the province of Lybiain North Africa. He came upon a city named Sylene. Near the city was a marsh, in which lived a dragon. The people had attempted to kill it but were poisoned by the creature’s fetid breath. To placate the dragon, they offered it two sheep a day, but when they began to exhaust their supply of sheep, they were forced to substitute a human each day instead, casting lot to choose the victim. At the time of George’s arrival, the lot had just fallen to the King’s daughter Andromeda (Sophia?). No one volunteered to take her place, so she was dressed in bridal finery and sent to meet the dragon. Riding upon this scene on a (green) horse George attacked the dragon and speared it with his lance. He then fastened the
princess’s girdle around its neck, and the girl led the dragon into the city. The people were frightened and started to run away, but
George told them not to be afraid – that if they would believe in Jesus Christ and be baptized, he would slay the dragon.The King and the people agreed. George killed the dragon, and it was carried away on four ox carts (White, 1991). George accepted no reward
for his service, but he asked the King to build churches, honour Priests, and to be compassionate towards the poor.
George was martyred duing the persecution of Diocletian at Nicomedia in the beginning of the 4th century.The persecution lasted for about seven years. During that period about seventy
Kings were associated with Diocletian and historians mention different Kings in their account of the persecution.The persecution
was as a result of George’s refusal to worship Appalon and Hoclis, the pagan Gods. George performed several miracles. Diocletian’s wife Alexandria and his daughter Valeria believed in Jesus Christ. This resulted in the beheading of Alexandria on April 8 at Diospolis in Palestine (now, Lod, Israel). St. George was beheaded at the same place on 23 April (Britannica, 2001; Encarta, 2001).The writings of two Syrian churches, which date back to A.D.494, suggest that George was martyred at Lydha (now, Lod, Israel).There were churches in the name of St. George during the time of Constantine, the Great, at Nicomedia, Ludia, and Thessalonica.
-Biography Courtesy of "Martyrs, Saints, and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church"
Tone for feast of a Saint: 8
Syriac Prayers for St. George the Martyr: https://goo.gl/Sa1OkC
St. George in light of the Syriac tradition: https://goo.gl/VRXGWn
Biography in Malayalam: https://goo.gl/SFsO83
Malayalam Hymns on YouTube: https://goo.gl/QwYx4a
Malayalam Hymns mp3: https://goo.gl/vTMmqz
Armenian/Syriac Genocide 1915
24 April 2021
On April 24th we join the Armenian Orthodox Church & Armenian people in commemorating the genocide carried out in 1915.
Known by the Armenian as Aghet (roughly translated to catastrophe) & by the Syriacs (also known as Arameans, Assyrians, Chaldean) as Sayfo (abbreviation of 'shato d'sayfo' or 'year of the sword') the genocide was the systematic killing & persecution of Christian minorities within the Ottoman Empire.
In 1915, 1.5 million Armenians, 500-750,000 Syriacs & 500,000 Greeks were viciously tortured & brutally murdered by the Ottomans, Kurds & Turkish nationalists in an effort to wipe out the indigenous Christian communities who lived in the Middle East. Those who survived were expelled from their homes & lands, their properties were confiscated, their dignity was violated &, in many cases, they were forced to renounce their religion & faith as they watched their churches be plundered, destroyed or turned into stables for animals.
The Syriac Orthodox Church by order of the Holy Synod has designated June 15th to be the annual commemoration of the martyrs in our Liturgical Calendar. Sadly, though a century has passed & many nations have officially condemned the genocide, the Turkish state continues to deny any wrongdoing. Adolf Hitler, in an address known as the "Obersalzberg Speech" a week before invading Poland concluded his words with the following chilling statement, "Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?"
Second Sunday after New Sunday
25 April 2021
The Third Sunday after Easter (had'bshabo tlithoyo d'Qymtho) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
This Sunday's Gospel recounts Christ comparing the ministry of evangelization to the harvest and the reward of those who labour for the Lord.
St. John 6:16-29
St. Matthew 14:22-33
Before Holy Qurbono:
St. Mark 8:27-32
St. John 4:31-38
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel reading: https://goo.gl/l9dMk2
Tone of the Day: 3 (7 for alternate days of the week)
Syriac prayers for had'bshabo tlithoyo d'Qymtho: https://goo.gl/KXy1yL
St. Adorhormizd +447
Adorhormizd (later "Dadisho") was a high-born mobed who converted to Christianity after his daughter, Anahid, was healed through the work of Christian monk, Pethion. Both he and Anahid became Christian martyrs.
St. Mark the Evangelist
April 25th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Mark the Evangelist +68 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Marqos sabrono was born in Cyrene (Pentapolis), Africa to a family of the Levite tribe, & given the name John. When their home was attacked by barbarians, the family moved to Jerusalem. Several important events took place in the home of St. Mark in Jerusalem, including: the Last Supper & institution of the first Holy Qurbono by our Lord Jesus Christ along with the washing of Apostles feet (John 13:12); the Pentecost (Acts 2:1-4); the election of Apostle Mathias (Acts 1:21-26); the Council of the Apostles in 51AD presided over by St. James the just, the brother of Jesus & the first Archbishop of Jerusalem; & St. Peter came to this house upon release from prison by an angel. A 6th century Syriac inscription discovered from the site of the house of Mary reads as follows: “This is the house of Mary, mother of John, called Mark. After the ascension of our Lord, Jesus Christ, into heaven, the holy apostles proclaimed this church in the name of Virgin Mary, Mother of God. Renewed after the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus in the year 73AD.” Along with the church, there is St. Mark's Monastery (Dayro d-Mor Marqos) which is the seat of the Syriac Orthodox Archbishop of Jerusalem, Holy Land & Jordan.
St. Mark was one amongst the 72 Evangelists of the Lord & mentioned a few other times in the Gospels. He was a relative of St. Barnabas & was very dear to St. Peter the chief of the Holy Apostles, who converted St. Mark. The Gospel of Mark was written by St. Mark, but recounts St. Peter's depiction of our Lord Jesus' mission.This is acknowledged by the Church father Irenaeus who writes, "Mark, Peter's disciple & interpreter, had also passed on to us in written materials as preached by Peter." Peter ordained Mark bishop of Alexandria in around 61AD.
According to Syriac tradition, while travelling in Alexandria, Mark met a cobbler by name Anianus. His finger was punctured by a needle & he was in pain. Mark made clay & anointed his finger. Anianus was healed immediately. Anianus took Mark to his home where he preached about Jesus Christ. Numerous people believed in Jesus & were baptized. In 64AD, Mark ordained three Priests & seven deacons. St. Anianus was appointed as the successor of Mark. St Mark also founded the first theological school in Alexandria to train people who would become leaders in the faith. Mark left for Rome where he spent time with St. Peter & St. Paul until their martyrdoms.
Mark soon returned to Alexandria. It so happened that Easter was on the same day as the festival of the pagan deity Serapis. The heathens were angered by the Christians celebrating the Feast of the Resurrection of the Lord Jesus. They seized Mark, tied him to a horse & made it run until he was brutally disfigured. They then imprisoned him, followed by another day of torture leading to his death. Thus Mor Marqos sabrono attained the crown of martyrdom. The heathens tried to burn his body, but a sudden storm extinguished the fire & the heathens ran away in fear. Finally, the body of St. Mark was entombed in a church dedicated to his honor in Alexandria. The successors of St. Mark are known as Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of All Africa on the Holy Apostolic See of Saint Mark the Evangelist of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
Biography courtesy of, 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church', Melthodhaye & SUSCOPTS website.
Oh Mor Marqos sabrono! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
St. Basil, Bishop of Amasea
26 April 2021
Mor Behnam & Mort Sarah
27 April 2021
April 27th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of martyrs St. Behnam, his sister St. Sarah and their 40 martyr companions (dukhrono sohde Mor Behnam u Mort Saro hotheh w arb'in sohde habrayhun) +388 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
The Zoroastrian King of Persia Sennaharib ruled Adiabene. He had two children, Prince Behnam & Princess Sarah. Prince Behnam was a strong warrior who was always accompanied by 40 armed servants, however Sarah was sadly afflicted by a severe form of leprosy.
One day prince Behnam went hunting in the wilderness with some of his servants. He saw a large animal & chased it, separating himself from the group. Night came & he slept alone in the wilderness. He had a dream that someone was telling him to look for a man named Matthew, who lived in that mountainous area, this Mathew would pray for his sister & she would be cured.
The next morning he set out to find his party, & together they searched for Mor Mattai. They found him in a cave within the mountains. Behnam told monk Mathew about his sister & the previous night's vision. He asked Mor Mattai to join him & return to the palace. There, Behnam informed his mother who allowed St. Mathew to see Sarah. Mor Mattai prayed over her, & she was miraculously cured of her disease. St. Mathew taught them about the Lord Jesus Christ & the reward of the Heavenly Kingdom. Hearing of the Gospel, Behnam & Sarah were baptized by Mor Mattai & accepted Christianity. St. Mathew returned to his cave soon afterward.
The King was delighted to see his daughter healed. Upon asking how this happened, St. Sarah told the king about Mor Mattai, & that they had accepted Christ as Lord. Sennaharib was furious & told them to renounce their Christian faith or face punishment; but the siblings refused. They fled at night in secret along with the companions who also accepted Christ. Sadly, the King found out & he ordered his army to chase them. The siblings & their companions were slaughtered. The hill upon which the group was standing caved in. Thus Mor Behnam, his sister Mort Sara & their 40 companions attained the crown of martyrdom.
The king was soon afflicted by the possession of an evil spirit which tormented him agonizingly. Behnam appeared to his mother in a dream & told her to get Mor Mattai. The queen, believing Mor Mattai to be capable of healing the king called for him to visit the palace. St. Mathew prayed over the king who was then healed. The king repented of his evil ways & along with the queen accepted Christianity & was baptized. Soon their entire kingdom heard the Gospel & were baptized as well. King Sennaharib built 2 monasteries, Dayro d-Mor Mattai & Dayro d-Mor Behnam u Mort Sara (where he had his son & daughter entombed, it's also called the 'pit monastery'). Many works of miracles occur due to the intercession of St. Behnam & St. Sarah. Their relics are venerated with great reverence.
Oh Mor Behnam, Mort Sara & the 40 martyr companions! Plead for us all before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Syriac Prayers: https://goo.gl/vkCSTH
Mor Gregorius of Jerusalem, North Parur (+1681)
April 27th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Gregorios Abdul Jaleel +1681 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Abd al-Jaleel was born in Mosul Iraq to a wealthy family. After completing theological studies, he was ordained Qashisho followed by consecration as Metropolitan with the title Timotheos by HH Mor Ignatius Shem'vun I in 1654 for the diocese of Amid (Diyarbakir). Ten years later, he was appointed as the bishop of Jerusalem & given the ecclesiastical title Gregorios. In view of the historical importance of the city of Jerusalem in the Christendom, the Syriac Metropolitan of Jerusalem was often referred as the 5th Patriarch in the Syriac Orthodox Church. 'Mor Gregorios' was the honorable title entrusted to the Jerusalem Patriarch who was within the spiritual supremacy of the Holy Apostolic See of Antioch.
In 1653, the Malankara Church held the Koonan Kurishu Sathyam after the heinous murder of Syriac Orthodox prelate Mor Ahathulla at the hands of the Portuguese. The Malankara Church was finally free from the shackles of Roman Catholic oppression. The leaders of Malankara, Itty Thommen Kathanar & Arkadiyokan Thoma sent letters to the Patriarchate for help, but the colonial might of the Portuguese made it both extremely difficult to communicate with the mother Church & to govern the Church in India as the Catholics strengthened their propaganda. With the arrival of the Dutch, the power of the Portuguese was weakened. Finally, the Malankara Church could successfully send word to the Patriarchate. A letter in Syriac explaining the entire situation was sent with a Syriac merchant, deacon Stephen Aspar of Amid. Upon receipt of the letter, a Synod was held at the Patriarchate & HH Mor Ignatius Abdul Messih I deputed Mor Gregorios to Malankara after Mor Gregorios volunteered to face the trials ahead.
Mor Gregorios landed in the northern Kerala costal village of Ponnani. Due to the prevailing circumstances (the Portuguese got word that a Syriac prelate has managed to enter India) he had to remain disguised until he could reveal himself to the Malankara faithful. Mor Gregorios presented the Stathikon (statement of empowerment given in writing by the Supreme head of the Church the Patriarch of Antioch). An exact copy is kept at North Paravur Church while the original is kept in the library of the Thozhiyoor (Malabar Independent) Syrian Church of Kunnamkulam. On 1 July (Midhunam 17) 1665 Arkadiyokan Thoma was given full episcopal consecration with the title Mar Thoma I by Mor Gregorios. Those who accepted Mar Thoma I as the rightful Metropolitan under the authority of the Holy Apostolic See of Antioch are known as Malankara Jacobite Syrian Christians, while those who rejected him continued to be under the yoke of Roman Catholic supremacy (forming the Syro-Malabar Church).
Mar Thoma I along with Mor Gregorios would lead the Malankara Church, strengthening the faithful to remain loyal to the Patriarch of Antioch even in the midst of persecution & coercion by the Portuguese Roman Catholics. Mor Gregorios was determined to return the Church to a state of Holy Orthodoxy. He destroyed the idols erected, reinstated the use of leavened host, allowed married men to be priests, amongst other corrections to errors brought by the Catholics as instituted in the illegal Synod of Diamper. Mor Gregorios with Marthoma I would jointly consecrate the successor of the latter, Mar Thoma II. Mor Gregorios was born to a rich family, so brought his share of property & belongings to Malankara & donated it to the Church. Among the valuables still preserved at North Paravur St.Thomas Church include a golden Cross & a silver ‘Caso & Pilaso’ set (Chalice & Paten, this is still used in the Holy Qurbono celebrated during the Saint's annual feast). In addition, he had a large collection of gold coins, with which he bought land at 'thorakkal' for the Church.
After serving the Malankara Church diligently & helping to rejuvenate Syriac Orthodoxy in India, Mor Gregorios spent his last days in St. Thomas Church North Paravur, knowing that his mission was successful. Foreseeing his demise, he took a bath, wore his vestments & entered the Church. He departed for the heavenly abode on April 27th 1681. Miraculously, the church bell rang on its own & a peculiar shining light spread around the confines of church. His mortal remains were interred in the 'Hykala' of St.Thomas Church at North Paravur as per his last wishes. The sacred tomb of the saintly father has subsequently became a Holy Place for Syriac Christians. Thousands of pilgrims visit the tomb every year seeking his intercession. The hand cross of Mor Gregorios contains the relics of 11 holy saints along with a portion of the Holy Cross of our Lord. The hand cross is exhibited annually on his feast for public veneration.
Subsequent to the request from the Holy Synod in Malankara, in April 2000 vis Patriarchal Apostolic Bull 71/2000, the thrice blessed late Patriarch HH Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory declared Mor Gregorios Abdul Jaleel as a saint, permitting the prayers at his tomb (Zadhiko). In February 2006 vis Patriarchal Apostolic Bull No. E50/06; the Patriarch of Antioch and all the East HH Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory permitted the recitation of the name of St. Gregorios Abdul Jaleel in the 5th Thubden (Thubden d-Qadishe) at all Malankara parishes across the world.
Biography courtesy of, 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church' and Syriac Christianity website
Oh Mor Gregorios Abdul Jaleel! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
To read the full biography of Mor Gregorios of Jerusalem and of the historical context of the Syriac Orthodox Christians of India at the time visit: http://www.syriacchristianity.info/PARAVUR/StGregorios.htm
St. Simon, bishop of Jerusalem
Son of Joseph, brother of our Lord Jesus Christ
Daniel of Edessa
28 April 2021
In hagiography: Daniel was the bishop of Edessa. He obtained relics of Severus of Samosata in order to chase demons away from the monks of the monastery of Qenneshre. He wrote a demonology.
On the fourth day of the fourth week after Easter: We celebrate the the Feast of Mid Pentecost.
Commemorated annually on the 25th day after Easter.
April 28th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Aday according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Aday was the first Bishop of Edessa (Urhoy/Urfa). He is the twin brother of St. Thomas the Apostle. In the Syriac tradition, St. Aday is one of the 72 Disciples our Lord appointed as written in the gospel of St. Luke 10:1. He was one of the primary evangelists in the region of Edessa. The story of his evangelization in Edessa is intertwined with that of great King Abgar V of Edessa.
King Abgar V of Edessa fell ill during the reign of Emperor Tiberius Caesar. According to church historian Eusebius & as written in the Syriac work 'Doctrine of Mor Adai', King Abgar sent a letter to our Lord Jesus Christ inviting him to live in Edessa away from the persecution of the Jewish pharisees. This historical fact is also confirmed in the Syriac Orthodox prayers for Midlent (phelgo d'sawmo/pathinombu). The royal secretary Hannan delivered this letter by hand to Christ himself. In His reply, Christ declines the invitation, instead saying when His earthly mission is complete & He has ascended to to heaven, He promises to send one of His disciples to Edessa, who will heal the king & evangelize the whole kingdom so that they may receive eternal life. Hannan returns to Edessa with the letter and a portrait of Christ (first icon of our Lord in history).
After the Ascension of our Lord, Mor Aday is sent to Edessa as earlier promised by Christ to King Abgar. Mor Aday healed King Abgar of his leprosy & baptized him. Thus, Abgar became the first king to embrace Christianity & the Kingdom of Osroene (with Edessa as its capital) became the very first Christian nation.
St. Aday played a key role in the evangelization of Mesopotamia, southern Armenia & eastern parts of Syria.
Oh Mor Aday! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. May your intercession protect the Syriac Christian faithful in Mesopotamia. Amen.
Mar Pinḥas, martyr from Persia
Sts. Bartholomew the Apostle & Barnabas disciple and martyr
Saint Bartholomew was one of the Twelve Apostles, and had Galilee as his homeland; this is all that is known of him for certain according to the history of the Gospels. Concerning his apostolic work, certain say that he preached in Arabia and Persia, and especially in India, bringing to them the Gospel written by Saint Matthew, which had been written originally in Hebrew, and which was found there one hundred years later by Pantaenus, formerly a stoic philosopher and later an illustrious teacher of the Christian school in Alexandria (see Eusebius, Eccl. Hist., 5: 10). Other accounts say that he went to Armenia. According to some, he ended his life by being crucified, or by being flayed alive, in Albanopolis (Urbanopolis) of Armenia. This also confirms an ancient tradition preserved by the Armenians.
Saint Barnabas, one of the Seventy, was from Cyprus, of the tribe of Levi, and a fellow disciple with Paul under Gamaliel. He was called Joses, but was renamed Barnabas, which means "son of consolation," perhaps to distinguish him from the Joses called Barsabas and surnamed Justus (Acts 1:23). Saint Barnabas had a field, which he sold and brought the money to the Apostles (Acts 4:36-37). Before the conversion of Saul to Paul, it was Barnabas who was the leader of the Seventy Apostles, the first in preaching and chief spokesman. After Saul's vision on the road to Damascus, it was Barnabas who joined him to the Apostles when the others, because of Saul's reputation as a persecutor of the Church, still feared him (Acts 9:26-27); again it was Saint Barnabas who conscripted Paul as a preacher, bringing him from Tarsus to Antioch after the stoning of Stephen, to assist in spreading the Gospel (Acts 11:25-26). Saint Barnabas preached the Gospel in many places, traveled together with Paul, and finally was stoned to death by the Jews in his native Cyprus
St. Matthew 10: 16-33
St. Luke 12: 1-12
Before Holy Qurbana:
Genesis 4: 3-12
Daniel 3: 14 -30
Acts 23 : 11 - 25
Romans 8: 31- 39
St. Mark 8:34-38, 13 : 9 - 13
Nine Martyrs at Cyzicus
29 April 2021
Theognes, Rufus, Antipater, Theostichus, Artemas, Magnus, Theodotus, Thaumasius, and Philemon
St. Paul the Holy Apostle
On the fifth day of the fourth week after Easter: St. Paul the Holy Apostle
Commemorated annually on the Thursday of the fourth week after Easter.
St. Diodorus and Rodopianus of Aphrodisia
30 April 2021
Saints Diodorus and Rodopianus were two deacons who suffered martyrdom in the early 300s in the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian (284-305) in Aphrodisia in the province of Caria in Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey). It happened by being stoned by their own countrymen.
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