All Holy Fathers & Doctors of the Church (dukhrono abohotho qadishe wmalfone d'ito)
1 January 2021
January 1st is commemoration of the dukhrono of All Holy Fathers & Doctors of the Church along with St. Basil & St. Gregory of Nyssa (dukhrono abohotho qadishe wmalfone d'ito wad Mor Baselios u Mor Gregorios d'nawsa)
Today we remember those who labored for the one true faith of the Syriac Orthodox Church. The fathers & theologians remembered are those who defended the sound Orthodox doctrine during the 3 Holy Ecumenical Synods & also those who protected the Church during times of terrible persecution afterwards. These Holy fathers handed down the Apostolic teachings & the genuine, undefiled, incorruptible faith even if it meant they'd be martyred. The Church also specially commemorates St. Basil of Caesarea & his younger brother St. Gregory of Nyssa, both of whom were erudite theologians. The pair along with St. Gregory of Nazianzus are known as the Cappadocian Fathers. In honour of the two brothers, the Syriac Orthodox Catholicose of the East (Maphriyano) uses the title Baselios while the Syriac Orthodox archbishop of Jerusalem previously used the title Gregorios.
The dismissal hymn (Taw nadayed dukhronoayhoon/Orthodukso Vishwasam)
sung on this day honours some of these fathers with special epithets:
1. St. Ignatius +107 (Mor Ignatius Noorono) the 3rd Patriarch of Antioch, called the Illuminator
2. St. Gregory of Nazianzus +390 (Mor Gregorios d'nazianzin) the Patriarch of Constantinople, called the theologian & sea of wisdom
3. St. Cyril +444 (Mor Coorilos) Patriarch of Alexandria, called the sweet waterfall
4. St. John Chrysostom +407 (Mor Ivanios) Patriarch of Constantinople, called the golden mouth
5. St. Basil +379 (Mor Baselios) bishop of Caesarea
6. St. Gregory +395 (Mor Gregorios) bishop of Nyssa, called the great
7. St. Dioscorus +454 (Mor Dioscorus) Patriarch of Alexandria
8. St. Clement (Mor Clemis) either of Rome +100 or of Alexandria +215
9. St. Philoxenus +523 (Mor Akhsnoyo) bishop of Mabbug
10. St. Severus +538 (Mor Severios), Patriarch of Antioch, called the illustrious
May the prayers of all the Holy fathers & doctors of the Syriac Orthodox Church be a stronghold for us. Amen.
Listen to the hymn sung by HG Mor Osthatheos Ishaq: https://youtu.be/RNCnU-2ZId0
See more details
Circumcision of our Lord (gzoorto d'Moran) and New Year
January 1st is the commemoration of the Feast of the Circumcision of our Lord Jesus (Hido d'gzoorto d'Moran Yeshu) and New Year of the Lord (rish shato mshihoyto) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
In accordance with Jewish tradition, eight days after His birth, Jesus was taken to be circumcised & also formally named, "his name was called Jesus, which was so named by the angel before he was conceived in the womb." Circumcision was a sign of God’s Covenant with Abraham & his descendants [Genesis 17:10-14, Leviticus 12:3]. The Holy Fathers of the Church explain that the Lord, the Creator of the Law, underwent circumcision in order to give people an example of how faithfully the divine ordinances ought to be fulfilled. The Lord was circumcised so that later no one would doubt that He had truly assumed human flesh, & that His Incarnation was not merely an illusion, as certain heretics had taught. Christ was, as St Paul says, "made under the law", that is, submitted to the Mosaic tradition in order to fulfill all justice. The ritual of circumcision was a prefigure for holy baptism.
“Again, we say that Christ was circumcised in order to give us baptism, which typified and referred to circumcision. And without the circumcision of the flesh, there was no way (for Christ) to give us the true circumcision, which is baptism. Since circumcision is mutilation of the flesh that overlaid the genital organ like a cover, baptism is the mutilation of the [old] man of sin which is overlaid on the heart like a cover, making the one who is baptized a new man, and the son of the heavenly Father, and brother of Christ.” – Excerpt from Mor Severios Moshe Bar Kepha ♰ 903, Commentary on St. Luke 2:21
“Today, Christ willingly was circumcised according to the law that Moses commanded to the Hebrews. Thus, the mysteries and parables by which the prophets foretold His coming were completed and fulfilled” – Huthumo
In today's Gospel, our Lord says, "This is my commandment, that ye love one another, as I have loved you...If the world hates you, yes know that it hated me before it hated you." As we begin a New Year, let us be obedient to the commandments of our Lord. Just as Christ followed the Old Law & was circumcised, let us Christians follow the new divine ordinances given to us. While the world may hate us for following Christ, our reward in Heaven is eternal life with the Father.
"O Lord of all beings, bless the beginning of the new year. Grant to us a blissful life with the rising sun of every new morning. Increase unto us graces and sprinkle the earth with dew. Make the fields and plants to blossom with bountiful seeds and fruits. May Your power rid us of all kinds of grief and hardship. May Your Cross save our congregation from pain and infirmity." - Kasaloki on January 1st, Syriac hymnal
The Holy Bible readings from the Church Lectionary:
St. John 10:1-16
Luke 2:21 4:14-30 4:32
St. John 7:37-44, 7:15-18
Before Holy Qurbono:
1 Samuel 14:27-34
St. John 15:8-19
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel: https://goo.gl/oPN8wn (https://goo.gl/oPN8wn)
Tone of the Day: 8
Huthomo: https://youtu.be/LPKmbIIw0EY (https://youtu.be/LPKmbIIw0EY)
Syriac Prayers: https://goo.gl/ (https://goo.gl/oSHaKK)oSHaKK (https://goo.gl/oSHaKK)
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Athanasius Elias
H.G. Mor Athanasius Elias, Metropolitan of Thrissur Diocese was consecrated on January 1st 2007 by Catholicose H.B. Mor Baselius Thomas I.
St Basil of Caesarea and St. Gregory of Nyssa
St. Baselius of Caesarea (c. 329-379) was filled with the Holy Spirit, and wrote the liturgy that is named after him. God wrought by his hands many signs and miracles. Among them, some heretics gained control over one of the churches and decided to close it unless someone opened it by his prayers. By the prayers of this saint, the church was opened and the believers gained access to it once again. Another sign: Abba Ephraim saw a pillar of light between earth and heaven and heard a voice saying, "This is Basil." St. Ephraim came to the city of Caesarea and witnessed the virtues of St. Basil. St. Basil ordained him a deacon.
St. Gregorios of Nyssa, (c. 330-395) the brother of St. Basil the Great, was a great father of the church was virtuous and so were his brothers. He was very well versed in the art of discourse and in the Greek language. He was also strongly zealous in his Orthodox faith.
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Alexandrios Thomas
2 January 2021
H.G. Mor Alexandrios Thomas Assistant Metropolitan of Mumbai was consecrated on January 2nd 2012 by His Beatitude the Catholicos Mor Baselios Thomas I.
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Julius Elias
H.G. Mor Julius Elias, Asst. Metropolitan of High range region of Angamali Diocese was consecrated on January 2nd 2012 by is Beatitude the Catholicos Mor Baselios Thomas I.
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Polycorpus Zacharias
H.G. Mor Polycorpus Zacharias, Metropolitan of Malabar Diocese & Simhasana Churches in Malabar Region was consecrated on January 2nd 2012 by His Beatitude the Catholicos Mor Baselios Thomas I.
St. John the Evangelist
St. John is the youngest son of Zebedee & Salome. John's older brother is St. James. He was the youngest of the disciples, & unlike the others he did not face martyrdom. John was the only Apostle present by Jesus' side at the crucifixion. Christ entrusted the care of St. Mary to John as he was the one 'Jesus loved the most'. St. Mary lived under John's care until her death.
St. John lived in Jerusalem & later moved to Ephesus. He authored the Gospel & 3 epistles in his name. The book of Revelation was also written by him. He built many churches in Turkey & evangelized many to Christianity. Tradition states that he lived to 120 years of age. A church was built over the site of his tomb. However, this was converted to a mosque.
St. Sylvester (Silvester) I, Pope of Rome +335
Lazarus of Tur Abdin
3 January 2021
Contemporary of St. Simon Al-Zaytuni
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Timotheos Thomas
H.G. Mor Timotheos Thomas, Metropolitan of Kottayam Diocese & Malankara Holy Episcopal Synod Secretary was consecrated on January 3rd 1991 by late H.B. Catholicos Baselios Paulose II.
Mor Athanasius I Gammolo
Patriarch of Antioch
Malachi was one of the twelve minor prophets. He prophesied about the return of the people from captivity in Babylon to Jerusalem. He rebuked the children of Israel because of their transgression against God and His Law. He also admonished them because of their vile offerings, and prophesied about the acceptance of the Gentiles when he said, "For from the rising of the sun, even to its going down, my name shall be great among the Gentiles; In every place incense shall be offered to My name, and a pure offering; For My name shall be great among the nations." (Malachi 1:11) He pointed out to them that they did not give the tithes nor their first fruits, by saying, "'Bring all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be food in My house, and prove Me now in this,' says the LORD of hosts, 'If I will not open for you the windows of heaven And pour out for you such blessing That there will not be room enough to receive it. And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, so that he will not destroy the fruit of your ground, nor shall the vine fail to bear fruit for you in the field,' says the LORD of hosts." (Malachi 3:10-11)
He prophesied about the coming of St. John the baptizer before the Lord, the Savior of the World, by saying, "'Behold, I send My messenger, and he will prepare the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple, even the Messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,' says the LORD of hosts." (Malachi 3:1) He also prophesied about the coming of Elijah before the Lord at His second coming, saying, "Behold, I will send you Elijah the Prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD. And he will turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers, lest I come and strike the earth with a curse." (Malachi 4:5-6)
Second Sunday after Yeldo (Christmas)
The Second Sunday after Christmas (had'bshabo trayono d'bothar Yaldo) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
The Holy Bible Readings from the Church Lectionary:
1 John 3:21-24
St. Matthew 2:19-23
Tone of the Day: 2 (6 for alternate days of the week)
Sleeba Namaskaram in Tone 2: https://youtu.be/AgGY94P5sfs
Sermon by Fr. Thomas Venkadath: https://youtu.be/r9Gsp9fbgB4
St. Simon Al-Zaytuni (+734), bishop of Harran
January 3rd is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Simon Al-Zaytuni +734 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Shem'un d'Zayte the son of Mundhir, was a native of Habsnas in Tur'Abdin,Turkey. He undertook religious studies & eventually became a monk at Dayro d’Mor Gabriel (Qartmin Monastery) around 657AD. In 682AD, he was ordained a priest & was appointed the Abbot of Dayro d’Mor Gabriel.
St. Simon is credited with building many churches & monasteries in Tur’abdin. He carried out different projects, using a valuable treasure he found hidden in a cave. He planted 12,000 olive trees that eventually met the demand for oil of all the churches & monasteries of Tur’abdin. This earned him the nickname Al-Zaytuni (the Man of Olives). As he was on good terms with the Muslim governor of Nisbis, he could restore some churches there. In addition, he built a mosque & school for the Muslim population of the city. He also made arrangements for copying manuscripts. At the time of his death there were 180 copies of manuscripts in the library of the monastery.
In A.D. 700, St. Simon was elected Metropolitan of Harran, a city about twenty miles to the south of Edessa (modern Urfa), & became known as one of the greatest prelates at the time in the Syriac Church. After his consecration, he established a school in his home village, Habsnas. In 726AD he attended the council of Manazgird.
In addition to his asceticism, piety & godliness, he was a man of learning. He wrote many books in defense of the faith of the Syriac Orthodox Church, especially against the Melkites (Chalcedonians). Mor Shem'un d'Zayte entered eternal sleep on 1st June 734AD.
Biography courtesy, "Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church"
Oh Mor Shem'un d'Zayte! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. May the churches and monasteries of Tur'Abdin once again overflow with the blessed oil from your fields. Amen.
Commemoration of the poor and foreigners
4 January 2021
Metropolitan Consecration of H.E. Mor Theethose Yeldho
H.E. Mor Theethose Yeldho, Metropolitan of the Malankara Archdiocese of North America was consecrated on January 4th 2004 by the thrice blessed late Patriarch H.H. Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory.
His Eminence has the distinction of being the only prelate from Malankara to receive 5 ordinations (Aphudykano, Mshamshono, Raban, Qashisho & Hasyo) from the Supreme Head of our Syriac Orthodox Church, the Patriarch of Antioch and all the East.
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Osthatheos Ishaq
H.G. Mor Osthatheos Ishaq, Metropolitan of Mylapore Diocese & Patriarchal Vicar of UAE, was consecrated on January 4th 2010 by His Beatitude the Catholicos Baselios Thomas I
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Philoxenos Zacharias
H.G. Mor Philoxenos Zacharias, Metropolitan of Idukki Diocese was consecrated on January 4th 2010 by by H.B. Catholicos Baselios Thomas I.
Zosimus the martyr
St. Gregory Thaumaturgus
5 January 2021
Gregory the Miracle-Worker
Theophany (Denho), the Baptism of our Lord
6 January 2021
January 6th is the commemoration of the Feast of the Theophany/manifestation of God (Hido d'Denho Alohoyo) & the baptism of our Lord (ma`modeetho d'Moran) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
The Syriac term Denho means "the rising of the sun" & it denotes theologically the divine manifestation of Jesus at His baptism in the river Jordan. The early Church's understanding of Jesus as the Sun of righteousness might have prompted use of this term for the feast. It was the first time the great mystery of the Triune God, which was hidden for generations, was revealed. The Syriac Church celebrated the nativity of Jesus at Denho in earlier times. St. Ephrem wrote 28 beautiful hymns on the Nativity celebrated at Theophany. But this tradition was lost when the Roman date of December 25 was set & the birth narrative cut away from the manifestation & baptism. In the East, Denho has always been associated in honor of the Baptism of Christ, & its liturgy focused around the blessing of the baptismal water & baptizing the Holy Cross. By the fourth century, the Feast of Theophany ranked with Easter & Pentecost as one of the three principal festivals of the Syriac Church.
Source: Hekamtho Journal, Patriarchal Journal, malfonitho Atiya Turan-Akfidan
The Holy Bible readings from the Church Lectionary:
St. Mark 1:1-11
St. Matthew 3:1-17
Before Holy Qurbono:
Numbers: 24:2-7,15-19 20:1-11
Joshua 4:15-24, 4:1-7
II Samuel 23:13-17
II Kings 2:19-25 3:13-19
I Timothy 1:17
St. Luke 3:15-22
Blessing of the Water:
II Kings 2:19-25
St. John 4:4-42
For sermons/commentaries: https://goo.gl/V1v59T
Brief explanation of service: https://goo.gl/xCfkoD
Explanation by Fr. Bennett Kuriakose: https://youtu.be/ccX_vV03DQY
Tone of the Day: 2
Malayalam service book: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1xdUyuttfALzGHk8_fGoGm_OAczcez52y/view?usp=drivesdk
Manglish service book: https://goo.gl/HHA55k
Syriac Phanqitho/Husoyo: https://goo.gl/CPyQEk
Promiyon Sedro (Malayalam courtesy Hymonutho:
- Evening by Fr. George Vayaliparambil: https://youtu.be/PfF_7CupZS4
Beheading of John the Baptist (Phsoq Risheh d-Yuhanon)
7 January 2021
January 7th is the commemoration of the beheading of St. John the Baptist (Phsoq Risheh d-Yuhannon mam'dono) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Yuhannon Mam'dono, son of Zacharias the priest, known as the forerunner of Christ was martyred by the order of King Herod. When St. John rebuked Herod because of Herodias, the wife of his brother Phillip whom he had taken as a wife, he said to him, "It is not lawful for you to have your brother's wife." (Mark:6:18) Herod seized the Saint & cast him into prison; however, he feared John. The prayer on the feast day reads, “Lord, grant us courage to stand behind the truth even if we are put in prison & tempted with worldly treasures.”
An opportune day came when Herod, on his birthday, gave a feast for his nobles, the high officers & the chief men of Galilee. Herodias' daughter herself came in & danced, pleasing Herod. He promised her anything she might ask for, even as much as half of his kingdom. She went to her mother saying, "What shall I ask?" Her mother replied, "Ask for the head of John the Baptist on a platter." When Herod heard this, he was exceedingly sorry. But because of his promise & those who were sitting with him, he did not want to refuse her request. He therefore commanded his servants to cut off the head of Mor Yuhannon & they gave it to the damsel who gave it to her mother. (Mark 6:20-28).
Mor Yuhannon's mortal remains are entombed in Sebaste. Syriac tradition states the head of St. John the Baptist is in the Basilica of Saint John the Baptist in Damascus Syria. After the rise of the Umayyad Dynasty, this church was converted into a mosque. However, the shrine housing his remains was kept intact. Today, Umayyad Mosque or Great Mosque of Damascus (Ğām' Banī 'Umayya al-Kabīr) continues to be a pilgrim site for both Christians and also Muslims (to whom he is known as prophet Yaha).
“Through the counseling of Jezabel’s daughter the licentious woman entered Herod’s banquet requesting the innocent one’s head. The fox sent for John’s head and gave it to the wretched woman. She danced while crying the head covered with the blood of his neck. Halleluiah, blessed is the righteous one who on account of the truth was killed. Herod sold John’s head for a licentious dance and polished shoes. Woe be to the killer, glory to the killed. None born of woman are like him. Halleluiah, let his prayer be our wall and shelter.” – Kasaloki, Feast of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist
St. Luke 3:1-14, 3:19-20
St. Mark 6:14-29
Before Holy Qurbono:
II Kings 12:17-21
Isaiah 40:3-8, 41:8-13 66:18-24
St. Matthew 14:1-12
For sermons/commentaries: https://goo.gl/T2r9t7
Tone of the day: 8
Syriac prayers: https://goo.gl/Ggz8Pr
Promiyon Sedro (Malayalam courtesy Hymonutho:
- Evening by Fr. Robin Baby: https://youtu.be/Myzo6FJ-pJw
Metropolitan Consecration of H.E. Mor Philoxinus Mattias Nayis
H.E. Mor Philoxenus Mattias Nayis, Patriarchal Vicar in Germany was consecrated on January 7th 2007 by the thrice blessed late Patriarch HH Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory.
St. Stephen, chief among the deacons and first of the Martyrs (Hido d'Mor Estefanous ris'ho damshamshone u qadmoyo dsohde)
8 January 2021
January 8th is the commemoration of the Feast of St. Stephen, chief among the deacons & first of the Martyrs (Hido d'Mor Estefanous ris'ho damshamshone u qadmoyo dsohde) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Estefanous was a Jew who probably lived in one of the Hellenic provinces of the Roman Empire & was among the minority Jewish community who spoke Greek instead of Hebrew. He would later come to live in Jerusalem & became a Christian. At the time, the Christians were divided into the Hebrew speaking & the Greek speaking minority(Hellenists). The Hellenists felt neglected & marginalized within the Christian community. The Holy Apostles asked the faithful to choose seven men of good repute, full of Holy Spirit & wisdom; to be appointed for the business which the apostles themselves were too busy for. The apostles ordained them the first Deacons of the Church (Acts 6:6) who would strengthen the faith of the community & spread the word of God to the multitude. Among the 7, Stephen was the head. He is described as, "a man full of faith & the Holy Ghost" (Acts 6:5).
Deacon Stephen was an eloquent speaker & performed wondrous miracles (Acts 6:8). This provoked hostility of the elders of some synagogues in Jerusalem. They were not able to resist the wisdom of Stephen. They secretly introduced men to accuse him of blasphemy. Stephen was seized & taken to the Sanhedrin (the Jewish Council). At the council, false witnesses were set up against him. Undismayed, he replied tactfully. As the members of the council listened to Stephen, they became furious. But full of Holy Spirit, he looked up to heaven & saw the glory of God & Jesus on the right hand (Acts 7:54-56). The council & the angered crowd took him outside the city & stoned him. The murderers laid their clothes on the ground to be guarded by Saul, who would later become St. Paul. As Stephen died, he cried, “Lord, do not charge them with this sin” & he prayed, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit” (Acts 7:58-60). Thus Mor Estefanous attained the crown of martyrdom. He is commemorated every Sunday in the 4th Thubden/Dypthic of the Holy Qurbono, “the illustrious St. Stephen, chief of the Deacons, & first of the Martyrs.”
Biography courtesy of, 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church'
Oh Mor Estefanous! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. May your intercession be with all the deacons of our Holy Church. Amen.
In the tradition of the Syriac Orthodox Church in the Middle East and their Suryoye diaspora, St. Stephen’s day is a special day where a full-deacon (Shamosho Evengeloyo) is also allowed to read the Evengalion Qadisho (The Holy Gospel) during the Holy Qurbono or Prayers. Nowadays, lower ranks of the deaconate such as Aphudykano and Quroyo are also given the chance, with the discretion of the celebrant (because not all parishes have a full-deacon and according to old canons only 7 full deacons allowed per diocese). This tradition is currently not practiced in Malankara.
St. Mark 12:1-12
St. John 8:34-59
Before Holy Qurbono:
Bar Sirach 50:1-12, Chapter 30, 51:4
II Chronicles 24:20-25
I Corinthians 1:10-17, 16:15-24
St. Matthew 23:34-39
Hymn from Sh'himo of Wednesday Evening: https://youtu.be/Ue9kWhdDjXM (https://youtu.be/Ue9kWhdDjXM)
Syriac Prayers: https://goo.gl/ZXJMEC (https://goo.gl/ZXJMEC)
Huthomo: https://youtu.be/3ifVtMsGNwk (https://youtu.be/3ifVtMsGNwk)
Promiyon Sedro (Malayalam courtesy Hymonutho)
- Midnight by Fr. George Vayaliparambil: https://youtu.be/5MlD_DCWoRI
Aggai of Edessa
9 January 2021
Disciple of Mor Aday
1st Sunday after Theophany ( Bothar Denho)
10 January 2021
The 1st Sunday after Theophany (Bothar Denho) according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
For this Sunday's Gospel, the Church remembers when Christ Begins His Preaching Ministry, "From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand" (Mathew 14:17)
We also remember when Jesus Called His First Disciples, "And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. And they straightway left their nets, and followed him. And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them. And they immediately left the ship and their father, and followed him." (St.Mathew 14:18-22)
The Holy Bible readings from the Church Lectionary are as follows:
St. Mark 1:14-34
St. John 2:18-28
Before Holy Qurbana:
Genesis 25:19-34, 30:36-31:2
II Kings 3:13-20 25:5, 8-15
Isaiah 49: 7-13
St. Matthew 4:12-22
For sermons, commentaries on the Gospel and other artcles visit the link below:
Promiyon Sedro (Malayalam courtesy Hymonutho) by Fr. Johns Koshy Mannakuzhiyil
- Evening: https://youtu.be/ULu2B3f8uTQ
- Night 1st Qawmo: https://youtu.be/lDXOZ_-3Vkk
- Morning: https://youtu.be/VTPEIoCEyl4
Tone of the Day: 1 (5 for alternate days of the week)
Patriarch Theodosius I of Alexandria +566
Daniel of Edessa
11 January 2021
St. Peter and St. Paul
Mor Barses of Edessa +378
12 January 2021
Mar Barses the bishop of Edessa +378.
He was the bishop of Harran but was moved by Emperor Constantius II to the diocese of Edessa. He was persecuted by Valens for upholding the Orthodox faith against Arianism, and was exiled. He died in the month of March, but is commemorated in January.
Mor Theophelose Thomas +1992
Mort Sultana Madokht +318
Mor Ya`qub of Nisibis (+338)
13 January 2021
Known as "Moses of Mesopotamia", Mor Ya`qub was the bishop of Nisibin from 308/9 A.D. till his death in AD 338. Mor Ya`qub has always been a prominent figure in the Syriac-speaking Church tradition. He acquired a reputation for great learning, ability and holiness. Little is known about his life; however, we know that he took a leading role in opposing the Arian heresy at the Council of Nicaea (325). He is honored as a malphono (i.e., theological doctor) by both the Syriac and Armenian Churches. Mor Ya`qub of Nisibin undertook the construction of a church building in Nisibin between 313 and 320. His relics were saved from the a Persian invasion and were send to Constantinople for safety around the year 970.
Martyrs of Mount Sinai
14 January 2021
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Ivanios Mathews
H.G. Mor Ivanios Mathews, the Metropolitan of Kandanad Diocese was consecrated on January 14th 2001 by late HH Mor Ignatius Zakka I.
Monks and Ascetics of the Syriac Church
Specifically those whom ascetics and monks whom lived in the desert and mountains.
Intercession of Virgin Mary for the Sowing (Hido D'Yoldath Aloho Hal Zar'he)
15 January 2021
January 15th is the Feast of the Virgin Mary for the Sowing (Hido d'yoldath Aloho hal zar'he) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
St. Mary is venerated with great devotion in the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch. In addition to the various Feasts of the Virgin associated with the Lord & the Feast of her Nativity, there are three other Feasts that are celebrated by the faithful with much fervor.
Syriac poets called the 'Potters' (Quqoye) attribute setting these feasts of the Virgin Mary to St. John the Evangelist. Those poets are quoted saying: “With dew & drizzle the land of Ephesus was sprinkled when St. John brought to it the messages of the Virgin Mary commanding that the blessed Feasts of the Virgin be celebrated three times a year. The Feast of the Virgin Mary of the sowing is in January. In May is the Feast of the Virgin Mary for blessing the crops & in August is her Feast of the blessing of the vineyards, which are the symbol of the mystery of life”.
These three Feasts are on the fifteenth day of the three aforementioned months:
1) January 15: Sowing (zar'he, ܙܪ̈ܥܐ)
According to tradition, during the flight into Egypt following King Herod's call for the murder of the Christ child, an angel of God was with Sts. Joseph and Mary throughout their journey with the infant Jesus. The family passes through a recently sown field and the power of the angel accelerates the growth of the seeds and the wheat appears full overnight. As the soldiers soon reach, they demand an answer from the farmers as to the whereabouts of the infant Jesus and His parents. The farmers tremble in fear, but one responds saying that the family passed through the field when the seeds were first planted. The soldiers look to see a field full of wheat crop ready for the harvest; believing that a long span of time has passed since the family went through the field, the soldiers abandon their persecution and return to their kingdom.
2) May 15: Crops (s'heble, ܫܒ̈ܠܐ), from which the wheat is processed into bread. This bread is used for the celebration of the Holy Qurbono (the lahmo).
3) August 15: Grapevine (sate, ܣ̈ܬܐ), from which comes the wine. This wine is used for the Divine Eucharistic celebration. This feast was replaced by the Dormition (shunoyo).
Source: 'The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syriac Orthodox Church' and Miss Ranya Kucukkaplan
Evening:St. Matthew 13:1-9
Morning:St. Matthew 23:10-13
Before Holy Qurbono:Genesis 28:1-19Bar Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 3:1-12Isaiah 19:1-8
Holy Qurbono:Acts 18:12-28Hebrews 7:1-17St. Matthew 12:30-37
Tone of the Day: 1
Syriac Prayers: https://goo.gl/sWT5uQ
The tradition of Malankara Nasrani agriculturalists & the harvest feasts: https://goo.gl/l4ePrT
Metropolitan Consecration of H.E. Mor Severios Kuriakose
H.E. Mor Severios Kuriakose, Archbishop of the Knanaya Syrian Archdiocese was consecrated on January 15th 2004 by the thrice blessed late Patriarch HH Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory.
Metropolitan Consecration of H.G. Mor Anthimos Mathews
HG Mor Anthimos Mathews, Metropolitan of Muvattupuzha region of Angamali diocese & Patriarchal Vicar of UK & Ireland, was consecrated on January 15th 2012 by the thrice blessed late Patriarch HH Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory.
St. Paul monk of Thebes +347
Commemoration of the faithful who contributed to monasteries an churches
16 January 2021
Metropolitan Consecration of H. G. Mor Gregorios Joseph
H.G. Mor Gregorios Joseph the Metropolitan of Kochi Diocese was consecrated metropolitan on January 16th 1994 by late HH Mor Ignatius Zakka I.
Oath at the Leaning Cross Cross/Koonan Kurushu Sathyam (1653 AD); Mor Ahathulla
The anniversary of the Koonan Kurishu Sathyam & the dukhrono of Mor Ahathulla (Mor Ignatius Hidayat Aloho) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
In 1599AD, the Roman Catholic Archbishop Alexis De Menezes convened the Synod of Diamper (Udayamperoor Synodus), an illegal Synod which forcibly brought the Syriac Orthodox Church of India (Malankara) under the control of the Roman Catholic hierarchy. Using the military power of the Portuguese Padroado, Archbishop Menezes systematically tried to wipe out all traces of Syriac tradition & Latinize the Malankara Church by destroying prayer books, historical documents & other important manuscripts. He also changed the name of many parishes to suit Roman Catholic tradition, This imposition of Roman Catholic supremacy would go on for decades under various other Roman prelates.
As the situation became intolerable, the St. Thomas Christians (Syriac Christians of India), under the leadership of the Archdeacon (Arkadiyokan) sent several letters to their mother Church in the Middle East, & also sister churches. One letter reached the Patriarch of Alexandria. Syriac Orthodox Patriarch Mor Ignatius Hidayath Aloho (Mor Ahathulla) was in Alexandria at the time visiting the Syriac faithful of Egypt. On receipt of the letter, Mor Ahathulla made arrangements to visit Malankara for the sake of the languishing spiritual children. The Portuguese military had appointed sentries in all possible places where the bishops from the Middle East could arrive. Mor Ahathulla secretly arrived in Surat, then later made his way to Mylapore where he was captured by the Portuguese & imprisoned. Deacons Chengayil Itty from Chengannur & Kizhakkedath Kurian from Kuravilangadu who were on a pilgrimage to the tomb of St. Thomas secretly met Mor Ahathulla. Knowing that there was no escape from imprisonment & possible death, Mor Ahathulla had to take drastic measures to safeguard the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara. He gave the deacons an encyclical (Kalpana) authorizing the consecration of Archdeacon Thoma on the stipulation that the Archdeacon would be limited to administrative authority, but ecclesiastical duties of ordination & Consecration of Holy Chrism was prohibited until Apostolic Consecration by another Syriac Orthodox prelate. Mor Ahathulla was soon brought to Cochin port en route to Goa (where the cruel Inquisition was actively taking place). At Cochin port, thousands of Malankara Jacobite faithful arrived clamoring for their prelate to be freed. They went to the Cochin Raja, who initially agreed to support his Syriac subjects, but later recanted under pressure of the Portuguese colonial powers; he would later die soon after.
News spread that Mor Ahathulla was drowned in the sea after having a millstone tied to his neck & thrown overboard. Thus Mor Ahathulla attained the crown of martyrdom. (Latin historians record that the Portuguese fearing the sudden gathering of the Syriac Christians, dispatched Mor Ahathulla to Goa where he was condemned as a heretic & burnt alive at the stake in the Inquisition) As the news of this cruelty spread, the Syriac Christians were ready to wage war with their oppressors. But realizing the superiority of the Portuguese military power, Arkadiyokan Thoma & Itty Thommen Kathanar prevented the huge gathering assembled there from a direct clash which would have resulted in great bloodshed.
In the mean time, more faithful rushed to the spot from various parishes of Malankara. On 3rd Makaram of 1653AD, the faithful under the advice of Fr. Itty Thommen tied a huge rope around the ancient stone cross in the courtyard yard of Mattancherry Church & everyone at the large gathering, numbering about 25000 held on to it, & pledged that they, & their future generations, will never accept the Roman Catholic faith that the Portuguese tried to forcibly introduce & also they vowed to forever remain steadfastly loyal to the Holy Apostolic See of Antioch and all the East, maintaining the ancient rites & traditions of their forefathers. The weight of the believers pulling on the rope caused the stone cross to bend. Hence this historic event is known as the Koonan Kurishu Sathyam (Oath at the Leaning Cross). It is the first recorded mass revolt against the Western colonialism & forced Roman Catholic supremacy in history!
The Koonan Kurishu Sathyam cemented the reinvigorated faith of the Syriac Christians of Malankara & their unflinching loyalty to the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East. This monumentally historic event would pave way for the reestablishment of the Syriac Orthodox hierarchy in Malankara as had been present since the dawn of Christianity in India.
Sources: 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church', 'The Indian Church of St. Thomas', Syriac Christianity
May the intercession of Mor Ahathulla, & the sacrifices of our forefathers to steadfastly remain loyal to the Holy Apostolic See of Antioch strengthen the Church in Malankara during troubling times.
Antiochia Malankara bendham Neenaal Vazhatte! (May the fraternity between Antioch and Malankara forever prosper)
Biography or Mor Ahathulla in Malayalamhttp://www.syriacchristianity.info/bio/DnGreger/MorAhatulla.pdf
St. Evagrius Ponticus +399
2nd Sunday after Theophany
17 January 2021
The 2nd Sunday after Theophany (had'bshabo trayono d'bothar denho) according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
In St. John's Gospel, Jesus calls Philip & Nathaniel (Bartholomew) to be His disciples. However, there is a sharp contrast in how these two responded to the call of Christ. The moment Jesus says, "Follow me" Philip agrees & goes to find Nathaniel to tell him that he has found whom the prophets spoke about. Nathaniel is initially reluctant, doubting if anything good can come from Nazareth. Later when Jesus meets Nathaniel personally, He says He knew Nathaniel even before Philip spoke to him. Nathaniel then makes his confession of faith, "Rabbi you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel". While we are in doubt of our calling, our Lord knows our hearts, for so the prophet Jeremiah writes, "For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, & not of evil, to give you an expected end."
St. John 1:26-34
St. John 1:35-42
Before Holy Qurbono:
I Peter 3:7-15
St. John 1:43-51
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel: https://goo.gl/9xonf6
Syriac Prayers: https://goo.gl/pKe1m1
Promiyon Sedro (Malayalam courtesy Hymonutho)
- Evening by Fr. Jyothis Pothara: https://youtu.be/xyPnRStcoRM
- Midnight 1st Qawmo by Fr. Joy Abraham: https://youtu.be/9IV7P97uaLA
Midnight 2nd Qawmo by Fr. Basil: https://youtu.be/aDsiSYO6OxU
Abba Pachomius, Arsenius, Agathon, Longinus
Mor Philoxinos Samuel +1985
St. Anthony the Great of Egypt
January 17th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Anthony the Great +356 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Anthonios was born in Upper Egypt to wealthy Christian parents who passed away when he was just 18, so he raised his young sister as well. Once when he was in church he heard the Gospel of our Lord being recited, "If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have & give to the poor, & you will have treasures in heaven; & come, follow Me" (Matthew 19:21). Suddenly feeling that this commandment was directed towards himself, Anthony sold all his ancestral properties & donated it to the poor & needy. He took his sister & placed her in the care of Christian virgins.
He went to the outskirts of the city to live an ascetical life, worshiping God in solitude. Anthony practiced a very strict form of asceticism; he toiled with his hands to provide for the poor, he fasted daily eating only bread & water at sundown, slept on the floor & dealt with the terrain of the mountainous region. The devil became envious, afflicting him with boredom, laziness & the phantoms of women. Anthony overcame the devil's snares by the power of the Lord, but not before being brutally attacked. His friends found him later, & rushed him to the church to recover. The devil again resumed his war against St. Anthony, only this time the phantoms were in the form of wild beasts, wolves, lions, snakes & scorpions. They appeared as if they were about to attack him or cut him into pieces. But the saint would laugh at them scornfully & say, "If any of you have any authority over me, only one would have been sufficient to fight me." They disappeared as though in smoke, for God gave him victory over the devils.
During the course of his solitary life, he came to the group of faithful only twice; once during the persecutions of Maximos, & the second instance was to help Mor Athanasius against the heresy of Arius. Even as he grew famous, Anthony remained humble, teaching the true virtues of Christian faith. To those who approached him for healing, he said, “Healing is from God. Healing is not of men” adding that it is the will of God to heal according to His time & plan. Anthony knew his time of death, he instructed his fellow ascetics, “Love Jesus, trust in Him, keep away from worldly pleasures, examine ones own life & repent, never boast if you can live without sin, never take pride if God answers your prayers or murmur if your prayers are not answered. Keep away from Arius & his followers. Don’t be afraid if you see the authorities protecting them. Their victory will not last, it is to perish.”
Anthony insisted that his body not be buried with pomp in the cities, but to be entombed in an unmarked grave. He requested that his headdress, bedsheets, & dress made of sheepskin to be handed over to Mor Athanasius, & his staff to be given to Mor Makarios. At the age of 105 Mor Anthonios stretched himself on the ground & gave up his spirit. The hagiography is provided by St. Athanasius of Alexandria.
Oh Mor Anthonios! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Emperor Theodosius I
18 January 2021
Theodosius the Great (the younger)
Fathers of the Third Ecumenical Council in Ephesus
Mor Dionysius Mikhayel +1956
January 18th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of Mor Dionysius Mikhayel +1956 the former Syriac Orthodox (Malankara Jacobite) Metropolitan of Kottayam and Southern dioceses.
Mikhayel was born in Alummootil family to Evangelist John & Achamma, in Kayankulam; where he did his primary education, followed by higher studies at MD Seminary High School Kottayam. He was ordained Quroyo by Mor Dionysius V (Pulikkottil Joseph II), Aphudykano by St. Gregorios Geevarghese Chathuruthil of Parumala, & shamshono by Mor Dionysius V at Kayankulam Qadisha Church. On August 30th 1908, he was ordained Qashisho at Parumala seminary, the chief celebrant was Mor Dionysius Geevarghese Vattasseril, along with Mor Dionysius V, St. Osthatheos Sleebo Abakar the delegate of the Apostolic See of Antioch, & St. Coorilos Paulose Kochuparambil.
Fr. Mikhayel rendered his services at M.D. Seminary. He was also an instrumental part of the efforts undertaken by Syriac Youth Association & Malankara Mission Society. When the unfortunate schism erupted in the Malankara Church, he left MD Seminary & returned to Kayankulam where he was active in public service; working as municipal councilor & representing Kayamkulam in Sree Moolam Praja Sabha.
Fr. Mikhayel was selected as the candidate of Metropolitan Consecration for the dioceses of Kollam, Niranam, Thumpamon. He along with Fr. Ottathaikkal Thomas who was selected for the Knanaya diocese, accompanied Mor Yulios Elias Qoro (Delegate of the Apostolic See of Antioch) to Jerusalem. The two priests were ordained Rabans on October 20th 1926. Then on October 27th 1926, they were consecrated Metropolitan with the titles Dionysius & Dioscorus by St. Ignatius Elias III Patriarch in the presence of Mor Yulios Elias, Mor Geevarghese Gabriel of Jerusalem & several clergy. The two newly ordained bishops remained in Jerusalem for 50 days, visiting sites in the Holy Land. They returned to Kerala & would visit St. Osthatheos Sleebo at Vadakara St. John's Church the next day. When St. Ignatius Elias III Patriarch visited Malankara, Mor Dionysius Mikhayel was his personal assistant & interpreter, remaining so until the demise of the Patriarch in 1932.
Mor Dionysius provided strong leadership, inspiring the believers to remain steadfastly loyal to the Holy Throne of Antioch. His encouraging speeches lit up the hearts of the faithful who were distraught at the hands of the schismatics. Mor Dionysius would visit churches across his dioceses, by ox-cart & even travelling by foot to meet the needs of his children. He was unrelenting in making sure that the faithful remained courageous against the adversaries. Mor Dioscorus Thomas would shift allegiances & move to the Roman Catholic fold, which saddened Mor Dionysius.
Mor Dionysius Mikhayel led a very simple life, giving away much of his possessions to the poor & needy. His only possession were a torn mattress, ragged clothes; his usual meal was water with rice gruel & vegetables. He wanted to gain nothing by showing loyalty to the throne of the Holy See of Antioch, but only unflinching faith. He addressed everyone by name which endeared him to the parishioners. He never hesitated to admonish those who behaved defiantly in the altar. He kept Mor Sharbil Dayro Thrikkothamangalam as his administrative headquarters. On 15th December 1955 during the feast of his teacher St. Coorilos Paulose at St. Mary's JSC Panampady, he spoke rousingly to strengthen the faithful. After his meal he told those around him that he will die soon, asking that his faithful be near him. The service of Qandilo was conducted the next day. His condition gradually deteriorated & on January 18th 1956, Mor Dionysius Mikhayel reposed in the Lord. His last rites were led by Mor Philoxinos Paulose (later the late Catholicose HB Mor Baselius Paulose II) & Mor Yulios Elias Qoro. He was entombed in St. Mary's JSC Panampady Kottayam.
Mor Dionysius Mikhayel was affectionately known as the Roaring Lion of Malankara, & was a pillar of strength for the faithful; for he courageously defended the Malankara Church from all adversaries & inspired the children to remain steadfastly loyal to the Holy Apostolic See of Antioch. May his legacy be forever eternal.
Biography courtesy of, 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church'
Oh Mor Dionysius Mikhayel! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
St. Evodius, the Patriarch of Antioch +68
Mor Evodius was a pagan who converted to Christianity due to the apostolic work of Saint Peter. According to the Book of Acts, the first communities to receive evangelism werer the Jews and pagans of Antioch.
St. Evodius the successor of St. Peter, the Apostle, was one of the seventy disciples sent out by our Lord to preach. John Chrysostom counts Evodius contemporary with the Apostles and is also known as the first bishop of Antioch ordained by St. Peter. After the martyrdom of St. Peter at Rome in AD 67, Evodius became the Patriarch of the Holy See of Antioch. St. Evodius wrote several compositions. In one of them he writes that the Most Holy Virgin Mary gave birth to the Savior of the world.
St. Evodius was the bishop of Antioch until AD 68, and he was martyred under Emperor Nero
Biography Courtesy: "Martyrs, Saints, and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church"
Abo Macarios of Egypt
19 January 2021
Mor Shem`un of Qartmin (+433)
January 19th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Simon of Qartmin +433 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Shem'un Qartminoyo was one of the Qartmin Fathers along with his teacher Mor Shmuel +409. They built Qartmin Dayro in Tur Abdin Turkey. Currently known as St. Gabriel Monastery (Dayro d-Mor Gabriel/Deyrulmur); it is the oldest functioning Christian monastery in the world. According to tradition Mor Shem'un had a dream in which an angel of the Lord commanded him to build a House of Prayer in a location marked with three large stone blocks. When Simon awoke, he took his teacher Mor Shmuel to the place & found the stone the angel had placed. At this spot the Qartmin Monastery was built.
Simon was born in Qartmin village. His father was a leader of the village. When he was 4 years old, he was healed through the prayers of Mor Shmuel. Later, his father took him back to the saint & he was ordained a monk & joined Samuel.
One night, the angel of the Lord appeared to Simon in the form of his teacher Mor Shmuel & showed him the plan of the future monastery which was laid down on the foundations of an existing pagan temple. The angel & Simon together placed stones across the perimeter of what was to become them monastery. Simon did not realize it was actually an angel & not his teacher. The next day Mor Shmuel was astonished when he was told of what transpired, but he understood it was an angel. Together the two Qartmin fathers would build the monastery starting in 396/397AD. In time, the number of monks who joined their ranks increased.
After the death of the aged Mor Shmuel, Simon took over the administration of the monastery. Mor Shem'un did not sleep on the earth. He rested on his knees. He loved night vigils & in order to defeat sleep he hung himself upright by ropes. He would then continue in his meditation giving glory & praise to his Lord. Mor Shem'un was strong in battle with Satan. He was awake in his service. He served more than his brother monks. Our Lord gave him power, strength & he performed many wonders & miracles. Mor Shem'un would repose in the Lord on January 19th 433AD. He was entombed in the Beth Qadishe of Dayro d-Mor Gabriel.
Oh Mor Shem'un Qartminoyo! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Mor Gabriel Monastery founded by the Qartmin Fathers http://www.morgabriel.org/history.html
Abo Isidore of Pelusium
20 January 2021
St. Abrohom of Qidon +366
January 20th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Abraham of Qidon +366 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Abrohom Kidunoyo was born to a wealthy family near Edessa. His family wanted him to get married, however he ran away to become a monk. He then built a hermitage with a small opening only for food, remaining there to pray continuously. When his parents passed, he had all the inherited wealth distributed to the poor & needy; keeping only a cloak, a goat-skin garment, a bowl & a mat for himself.
Near to the site of his cell, there was a town called Beth Qidon whose citizens were pagan idolaters. Many had tried to evangelize them, but it was always met with fierce opposition. The bishop of Edessa was disturbed by this, saddened that the word of God could not reach the hearts of these people. He asked Abraham to leave his cell (against his will), ordained him as a priest & sent him to preach the Gospel to the citizens of Qidon. Mor Abrohom built a church in the town, trying his hardest to spread the Gospel, but they would not listen. Each night he would return to his cell to pray, going back to the city every morning. The townsfolk would insult him, abuse him, even attacking him with sticks & stones. Once, St. Abraham was left for dead, but upon recovering he would return to the people trying his level best to soften their hearts & open their ears to the message of the Gospel. This went on with much difficulty for 3 years.
By the grace of God, there was a break through. Abraham's patience, steadfast faith & willingness to suffer for the Gospel convinced the citizens of Qidon of his holiness. They listened to & accepted the Gospel, eventually being baptized by him. He continued teaching them the ideals of Christian faith, justice & charity for another year till he retired back to his hermitage. As the whole town of Qidon was converted through his untiring efforts, he was given the name St. Abraham of Qidon.
Mor Abrohom Kidunoyo led a life of penance for fifty years & lived to the age of 70. At the news of his last illness, the whole countryside flocked to receive his benediction & after his death each one sought to procure a fragment of his clothing.
Oh Mor Abrohom Kidunoyo! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
St. Agnes of Rome +304
21 January 2021
St. Demiana & the 40 Virgin Martyrs
January 21st is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Demiana and the 40 virgin martyrs of Egypt.
Mort Demiana is the founder of monasticism for Coptic Orthodox nuns & the highest ranking female martyr of the Coptic Church. Toward the end of the 3rd century, there lived a Christian man named Marcos. He was the ruler of the Borolos & Zahfaran districts in Egypt. Marcos had only one daughter called Demiana. Her beauty & good character were legendary. Her father loved her dearly, & he did his best to raise her up in a true Christian way. Demiana loved to pray & read the holy books in the seclusion of her room. She often cried, while praying, as she felt the love of her Savior fill her little heart. Demiana, desiring to live a life of asceticism, requested her father to build a monastery for her. Her father granted her wish & built her a large palace in the wilderness. Demiana changed the palace into the first Coptic Orthodox coenobitic monastery for nuns, living the monastic, ascetic life with her forty unmarried friends. Demiana was the abbess; the nuns spent their time fasting, praying, reading the holy books, & providing for themselves & the poor by means of their handiwork.
At that time Diocletian, the Emperor, began to torture & kill the Christians who refused to worship his idols. When Marcos was invited to kneel before the statues & offer incense, he refused. But Diocletian convinced him by promising to give him a higher position in the Roman Empire. When Demiana heard that her father had knelt before the idols, she left the palace & went immediately to him. She said, "How could you deny your Savior who shed His blood to save you, & kneel down to stone idols dwelled by satan. What you did, my father, is cowardly & shameful." When Marcos heard his daughter's words he came back to his senses. He said, "Woe to me, how could I fall in the Devil's trap & worship those idle statues." Macros was beheaded on order of Diocletian.
On the last day before her martyrdom, our Lord Jesus Himself came to her & told her, "Have courage, my chosen one. I have prepared for you the crown of your wedding in heaven. Your name will be remembered forever as it will be the cause for many miracles, & in this place a great church will be built to honor your blessed name." Finally, the commander ordered the soldiers to behead Demiana by the sword, along with the forty virgins. Thus Mort Demiana attained the crown of martyrdom.
Few years later, when King Constantine came to power, he sent his mother Queen Helena to Demiana's palace. Helena buried all the bodies that she found in great honor. She put Demiana's body on a bed made of ivory & decorated it with silk linen, & in the same place she built a church.
Biography adapted from the Coptic Synaxarium
Oh Mort Demiana! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
St. Timothy +97AD
January 21st is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Timothy +97AD according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Mor Timotheos was native of Lystra in Lycaonia. While his father was a gentile, his mother was of Jewish ancestry, who along with his maternal grandmother embraced Christianity, their faith being commended by St. Paul (2 Timothy 1:5). The Christian citizens praised the merits of Timothy when Paul visited them. The life of St. Timothy is intimately linked to the mission of St. Paul. St. Paul had Timothy circumcised to prepare him for the ministry among Jews. He then took Timothy with him, in order to aid him in propagating the doctrine of our Lord. Timothy assisted Paul through the whole course of his preaching. St. Paul calls him not only his dearly beloved son, but also his brother, the companion of his labors, & a man of God. Timothy accompanied St. Paul from Lystra & sailed to Macedonia, preaching at Philippi, Thessalonica & Berea. Paul had to leave Berea, but Timothy remained there along with Silas to administer the new converts.
Timothy was sent by St. Paul to Thessalonica, where persecution had left the believers distraught. He would then go to Corinth to report what transpired & the condition of the faithful there; prompting Paul to write his 1st epistle to the Thessalonians. Timothy accompanied Paul on his visits to Jerusalem followed by Ephesus where they spent 2 years. Paul then delegated Timotheos to Macedonia to prepare the faithful for his return to Greece. Afterwards, Timothy was directed to Corinth to propagate the true faith & reinvigorate the believers. Later in his ministry, Timothy would be imprisoned & suffered great persecution for his faith.
Timothy was ordained bishop by St. Paul at Ephesus. St. Timothy is always described as the first bishop of Ephesus in tradition & by Church historians. Paul left Timothy at Ephesus to govern that Church, to oppose false teachers & to ordain priests, deacons, even bishops. When Paul was imprisoned in Rome & awaiting his execution, he wrote to Timothy desiring to see his friend & beloved brother in Christ one final time.
Timothy spoke out against the idolatrous practices of the Katagogia festival in honour of pagan deity Diana. While preaching the Gospel, the heathens beat him with clubs, dragged him through the streets & finally stoned him to death. Thus Mor Timotheos attained the crown of martyrdom. His body was taken by the faithful & entombed in a nearby mountain top. In the 4th century his holy relics were transferred to the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.
Oh Mor Timotheos sahdo! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
St. Anastasia of Sirmium +304
22 January 2021
St. Babylas 13th Patriarch of Antioch +253
23 January 2021
Along with 3 children
Saint Babylas (+253). A patriarch of Antioch (237 - 251), During the Decian persecution (249-251) he made an unwavering confession of faith and was thrown into prison where he died from his sufferings. He was, therefore, venerated as a martyr, (according to Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, VI, 39). He asked to be buried with his chains.
St. Severus of Antioch veneration of St. Babylas https://drive.google.com/file/d/1ZfoSYDxv1hV5vTQvU504bO_qmEwmj_EJ/view?usp=drivesdk
St. Clement of Ancyra +312
3rd Sunday after Theophany
24 January 2021
The 3rd Sunday after Theophany (had'bshabo tlithoyo d'bothar denho) according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
The sermon from this Sunday's Gospel recounts the meeting of Christ with Nicodemus, who is told by our Lord that "... No one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born anew''
This week, let us reflect and ask ourselves, are we born of the Spirit or are we born of the flesh?
St. John 3:22-4:3
St. John 5:30-47
Before Holy Qurbono:
I Peter 2:1-10
I Corinthians 3:16-4:5
St. John 3:1-12
For sermons and commentaries based on the Holy Gospel:
Tone of the Day: 3 (7 for alternate days of the week)
Sleeba Namaskaram in Tone 3: https://youtu.be/ahlynK_Aqg8
Mor Julius Yac'ub +1992
January 24th is the anniversary of the demise of HG Mor Julius Yac'ub +1992 the former Metropolitan of the Simhasana-Patriarchal Churches & Institutions in India.
Yac'ub (Kunjappan) was born on 27th December 1912 at Pampady, Kottayam. He was the son of Madappatt Chacko & Annamma. Sadly, his parents died when he was a young child, so he was raised by his elder brother. After completing his primary education, he went to high school but had to discontinue studies due to ill health. He joined Dayro d-Mor Sharbil Thrikkothamangalam for theological studies under the tutelage of Raban Geevarghese Kochuparambil & Raban Kuriakose Vanchithattil. At the time, Mor Dionysius Mikhayel kept the Dayro as his headquarters. It is also here that late HG Mor Timotheos Yac'ub studied.
Mor Dionysius Mikhayel would ordain Yac'ub as deacon at St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral Manarcad on 24th May 1942. Deacon Yac'ub would then be ordained Qashisho on August 19th 1945 at St. Thomas Church Chengalam Kottayam by Mor Dionysius Mikhayel. After ordination he entered Dayro d-Mor Ignatius Manjinikkara where he would later be elevated to the rank of Raban by Mor Yulios Elias Qoro the delegate of the Apostolic See of Antioch, on 19th June 1955. Raban Yac'ub taught Syriac & liturgy during his tenure at Manjinikkara Dayro & at Malekurishu Dayro. He also served as personal secretary & interpreter for Mor Yulios Elias. He was the President of the Evangelical Association of the East during 1963-64.
On June 12th 1975, Raban MC Yac'ub was consecrated bishop by the thrice blessed late Patriarch HH Moran Mor Ignatius Yac'ub III of blessed memory at St. George Cathedral Damascus. He was given the title Julius & appointed as the Metropolitan of Simhasana churches & institutions which were under the direct authority of the Patriarch. On the same day, late HG Mor Osthatheos Thomas bishop of Kochi Diocese was consecrated.
Mor Julius translated a few books from Syriac including The Book of the Dove (a guide to Orthodox ascetism) written by Mor Gregorios Yuhannon bar'Ebroyo, The Biography of Mor Yuhanon M’rahmono, The history of Mor Augin, the text of the sacrament of Holy matrimony which is in use in Syria, a few prayers & promeon-sedro. Mor Julius was very particular about prayer & fasting. His life, diet & dress were all very simple. Mor Julius used to correct the mistakes of the clergy of all ranks; for his own training was by Mor Yulios Elias & Mor Dionysius Mikhayel who never compromised with the respect for the traditions & practices of the Holy Church.
Mor Julius Yac'ub was getting ready for his departure to the heavenly abode & he prepared a place of rest for himself well in advance. He converted his ancestral property into a trust & a church was constructed on that land. On 21st January 1992 he was admitted to the hospital & on 24th January 1992 Mor Julius Yac'ub breathed his last. His mortal remains were interred at Dayro d-Mor Ignatius Manjinikkara.
St. John bar Malke
Also known as John of Rome, was the son of Eutropius and Theodora, believing parents. His parents constructed a shrine for their son.
Monday of Nineveh Lent (Tren-bshabo d'sawmo d-ninwoyé)
25 January 2021
The Monday of the Fast of Nineveh (tren-bshabo d'sawmo d-ninwoyé) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
From the qolo hymn of Monday morning prayers: "The Almighty called Jonah And sent him to Nineveh To preach – that wrath and destruction would come to them. The Ninevites heard his voice; They took their refuge in repentance, And God had mercy on those who called Him"
Evening:St. Matthew 12:31-41
Morning:Numbers 5:5-11Jonah 3:6-4:4, 1:1-2:1Isaiah 19:17-22Acts 7:37-43Colossians 1:3-13St. Matthew 7:1-12
Malankara World Special supplement with sermons/commentaries: https://goo.gl/aKqZXL
Daily Malayalam prayers: https://goo.gl/uDPMe2
Daily English prayers: https://goo.gl/RUYbPv
Monday Syriac prayers: https://goo.gl/mD1LFY
St. Aho the ascetic +524
January 25th the Church commemorates St. Aho the ascetic.
Mor Aho was born around 419 A.D. in the city of Rish'aino (Ras ul-'ayn now), which is to the south & east of Nisibis in present day Syria near Hassekeh, his father's name was 'Ubadyo, Aho was one of his three children. At the age of twelve he became the disciple of a local monk, & Lord bestowed wisdom on the child & he was enlightened & became wiser than all the other children in the instruction. He was trained in the liturgy of the Syriac Orthodox Church, and founded a monastery after escaping from his conscription into the Persian army in 573
Mor Aho Monastery/Dayro Daslibo(Monastary of the Cross) was founded in the 6th century by Mor Aho. The reason why the monastery is also called the monastery of the Holy Cross is because the monastery is one of many sites which claim to have a fragment of the Holy Cross. Legend states that at some point after the founding of the monastery, Mor Aho found a fragment of the holy cross in either Jerusalem or Constantinople. He managed to steal the relic by hiding it inside of a wound in his leg. After placing the relic in his leg, the wound miraculously healed, allowing him to escape with the fragment unnoticed. The monastery’s main church was built over the supposed site of the relic, which is believed to have been buried in an undisclosed location in that area. Therefore, the relic cant be seen and no one knows exactly where it is. Mor Aho is also responsible for the conversion of four villages in the area of Malayta, & for the foundation of another monastery in Tur Abdin. He died at an old age, & his tomb is located beneath the monastery.
For full biography visit: http://www.soc-wus.org/ourchurch/St.%20Aho.htm
St. Athanasius Paulose +1953
January 25th is the commemoration of the dukhrono of St. Athanasius Paulose +1953 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church. He is affectionately known as Valiyathirumeni.
Paulose was born to Mathai Thekkekkara &
Annamma. At the age of 7, as an Altar boy he read the 5th Thubden in the presence of late Patriarch Mor Ignatius Peter IV at Ankamaly Church. He studied theology under Mor Coorilos Geevarghese Ambatt who would ordain him as Quroyo on 21st April 1879. He would complete higher studies & become a school teacher.
St. Gregorios Geevarghese Chathuruthil of Parumala (assisted by Mor Dionysius V & Mor Athanasius Paulose Kadavil I) ordained deacon Paulose as Qashisho on 25th November 1898. He would be elevated to the rank of Raban 3 days later. Kochupaulose Raban would be consecrated bishop with the title Athanasius by late Patriarch Mor Ignatius Abde d-Aloho II Sattuf on 9th June 1910 at Mor Sabor-Mor Aphroth Church Akaparambu. A year later, Mor Athanasius Paulose participated in the consecration of the Holy Chrism at Mulunthuruthy Church.
Following the autocratic style of functioning & his disobedience of Church laws, Mor Dionysius Geevarghese Vattasseril the Malankara Metropolitan was excommunicated by Patriarch Abdullah. (the excommunication would be later lifted by St. Ignatius Elias III Patriarch). St. Coorilos Paulose Kochuparambil who was Malankara Metropolitan for 6 years passed away in 1917. The Malankara Association held at Thrikunnath Seminary elected Mor Athanasius Paulose as the next Malankara Metropolitan. In 1919 he formed the Malankara Sunday School Association & in 1922 he formed the Mar Gregorios Syrian Vidhyarthi Sangam' (Mar Gregorios Syrian Students Association - M.G.S.S.A). This was the first ever students organization that adopted the name of St. Gregorios of Parumala. The other major spiritual organizations founded by Valiyathirumeni were the ‘Brotherhood of St. Antonios’ & the ‘St. Mary’s Sisterhood’. He nurtured both the organizations with the aim of building a solid foundation for the monastic movement in Malankara. He also encouraged much on the development of a centre for theological studies at Thrikunnath Seminary.
Mor Athanasius led the last rites of St. Osthatheos Sleebo Abakar the delegate of the Apostolic See of Antioch following his demise in 1930. When Patriarch St. Ignatius Elias III came to Malankara, Mor Athanasius accompanied the Patriarch throughout his stay. The Patriarch visited India to strive for peace in the Malankara Syrian Church. Several meetings were held within this period with the aim of achieving long standing peace & the Patriarch had even withdrawn the excommunication of Mor Dionysius. However the rebellious attitude & unilateral decisions of the schismatics only further divided the Church in Malankara. Sadly, St. Ignatius Elias III passed away before he could complete his mission of bringing about peace to the Church. Mor Athanasius along with the Patriarchal Delegate Mor Yulios Elias Qoro & the bishops of Malankara conducted the last rites at Dayro d-Mor Ignatius Manjinikkara.
The Malankara Suriyani Kristhiani Association meeting held at Karingachira Church in 1935 once again reaffirmed Mor Athanasius Paulose as the Malankara Metropolitan. He would diligently serve the Church, protecting it during one of the most difficult periods in history. After serving the Holy Church faithfully for decades, Mor Athanasius Paulose reposed in the Lord on January 25th 1953 at the age of 84. Thousands of faithful thronged to participate in his last rites. He was entombed according to his will at Thrikunnath Seminary Aluva.
The Malankara Church was fortunate & blessed to have Mor Athanasius Paulose as its Metropolitan for 42 years. Under his able guidance, the Church overcame many adverse situations. Unflinching faith & relentless prayers were his greatest strengths. Known for his piety, integrity, sincerity & unceasing devotion to God, the spiritual father is remembered by the Malankara Church with great veneration. Valiyathirumeni loved his people & defended the faith until his last breath, leaving behind a magnificent saintly legacy.
Like his predecessors, Mor Athanasious too was steadfast in upholding the pledge he gave to the Patriarch of Antioch and all the East at the time of his consecration. In recognition of his great efforts in upholding the true Apostolic faith & traditions of the Holy Church, Patriarch Mor Ignatius Aphrem I Barsoum conferred upon Mor Athanasius Paulose the title ‘Defender of the True Faith' (Sathya Viswasa Samrakshakan). Half a century after his repose, in 2004 vis Patriarchal Apostolic Bull No. E 218/04; the late Patriarch of Antioch and all the East HH Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory declared Mor Athanasius Paulose as a saint of the Syriac Orthodox Church. Subsequently, in 2009 the Patriarch permitted the recitation of the name of St. Athanasius Paulose in the 5th Thubden (Thubden d-Qadishe) at all Malankara parishes across the world vis Patriarchal Apostolic Bull No. 152/09.
Biography courtesy of, 'Martyrs, Saints and Prelates of the Syriac Orthodox Church' and Syriac Christianity website
Oh Mor Athanasius Paulose! Plead for us before God's throne of grace. Amen.
Dedicated Page to the St. Athanasius: http://www.syriacchristianity.info/StAthanasious.htm
For full biography: http://www.syriacchristianity.info/bio/ValiyaThirumeni.htm
Intercession prayers and hymns during pilgrimage: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1Mst-fVOMlzcjl4T25SYm4yeHM/view?usp=drivesdk
St. Gregory of Nazianzus +390
Mor Gregorios was born in Arianzus near Cappadocia town. He is also referred to as "Gregory, the Theologian" He was baptized by his own father in AD 360. He received Christian education and training from his mother from childhood. He was ordained a priest by his father in AD 362 and started rendering help to his father. In AD 372 Gregory was consecrated the Bishop of Sasima, a small town by Mor Baselios. He disliked the lack of independence imposed by administrative responsibilities. Moreover he preferred a solitary life which reduced his interest in being elevated to the rank of a bishop.
He spent a few years combating Arianism. The five speeches delivered by him in the church of Anastasia countering the heresy and defending the doctrine of the Trinity are famous. “The Father is the begetter and emitter, the Son is the begotten and the Holy Spirit is the emission. The begetting of the Son and the Procession of the Spirit are beyond time, so all three are co-eternal. While the Father may be greater than the Son in the sense that he is the cause, he is not greater by nature, for the two are of the same nature. The names, Father and the Son make known to us an intimate relation within the Godhead”
He spoke thus of the preparation of priests when he was a young priest: “We must begin by purifying ourselves before purifying others; we must be instructed to be able to instruct, become light to illuminate, draw close to God to bring Him close to others, be sanctified to sanctify, lead by the hand and counsel prudently. I know whose ministers we are, where we find ourselves and to where we strive. I know God’s greatness and man’s weakness, but also his potential. Who then is the priest? He is the defender of truth, who stands with angels, gives glory with archangels, causes sacrifices to rise to the altar on high, shares Christ’s priesthood, refashions creation, restores it in God’s image, recreates it for the world on high"
Due to the strong protest of the Arian mob and to avoid dissidence he resigned his position in AD 381 and retired to his native place, Arianzus. He spent his time in prayer and fasting until he expired.
St. Gregory of Nazianzus the Elder +374
Father of Gregory the Theologian
Along with his wife Nonna, son Caesarius and daughter Gorgonia
3 Day Fast of Nineveh (sawmo d-ninwoyé tlotho yaumin) begins
25 January 2021 12:30 am - 26 January 2021 12:30 am
The commencement of the 3 day Fast of Nineveh (sawmo d-ninwoyé tlotho yaumin) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
The three-day fast commemorates the 3 days Jonah spent in the belly of the whale & also the repentance of the city of Nineveh. It begins every year on the Monday 3 weeks prior to the commencement of the Great Fast (ie the tenth Monday before Easter Sunday).
The origins of the Nineveh Fast in the Syriac Orthodox Church can be traced back to the 4th century AD. This can be inferred from the memre & hymns of St. Ephrem the Syrian (+373). Initially the fast was for 6 days, but now it is only for 3 days. The 3 days fast had been neglected through time until later. Mor Dionysius Yac'ub Bar Salibi (+1171) states that Mor Marutha, the Maphrian of Takrit (+649) was the one who enjoined the Fast first in the region of Nineveh under the Maphrianate. Mor Gregorios Yuhannon bar'Ebroyo (+1286) states that the confirmation of this fast was due to the crises the Church went through in Hirat. The Syriac people there fasted 3 days & 3 nights, praying constantly according to the demand of their bishop, & they were rescued from their ordeal by God. Armenians embraced this practice of the Syriacs calling it Sorep Sarkis. The Copts did the same during the time of Pope St. Abraham the Syrian (+978, 62nd Pope).
Historically, this fast is one of the most rigorously observed fasts in the Syriac Church. The faithful traditionally refrain from food & drink from Monday till Wednesday & only break their fast following the Holy Qurbono on Wednesday. The Church exhorts her faithful to at least refrain from meat, fish & dairy products during the period of fasting.
The narrative of the story from the book of Prophet Jonah is as follows. Jonah (whose name in Hebrew means dove) runs away from God & from the mission that was entrusted to him. He was cast into the sea, & from inside the belly of the whale Jonah cries out to God who saves him. Jonah proclaims, “in 40 days Nineveh will be overthrown.” The people fast & pray. The king also prays & commands the whole city to call on God in the hopes that God would relent & withdraw His anger. God withholds His judgment due to their repentance & prayers. The Three Day Fast is in a way, our preparation for the Great Lent. St. Jerome writes about Christian fasting, “Fasting is not merely a perfect virtue, it is the foundation of all the other virtues; it is sanctification, purity, & prudence, - virtues without which no one can see God."
May our Lord & Savior Jesus Christ abundantly bless all the faithful who wholeheartedly keep the Fast. May we use this blessed period as a time of reflection & repentance.
Metrical homilies by St. Ephrem: https://goo.gl/PptWFN
Sacrament of Repentance: https://goo.gl/Gce6oS
Arabic article: https://goo.gl/noiFWT
St. Longinus of Cappadocia
26 January 2021
Centurion who pierced the side of Christ.
St. Xenophon and his family
His wife, Mary, and their two sons, Arcadius and John, of Constantinople
Tuesday of Nineveh Lent (Tloth-bshabo d'sawmo d-ninwoyé)
The Tuesday of the Fast of Nineveh (Tlotho-bshabo d'sawmo d-ninwoyé) according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
The reading from Jonah recounts him sitting in the shade of the gourd plant, only for it to be destroyed. Jonah wails in agony as he suffers from the elements, lamenting the loss of the gourd. God then asks Jonah, if he took so much concern with a gourd that withered away as quickly as it had arrived, shouldn't the almighty one take pity on His great city of Nineveh & save the inhabitants whom are His creation? The Lord is merciful even in His anger.
In the Gospel of St. Mathew, our Lord warns us that only the Father in heaven knows of the second coming of Christ. Let us remain a faithful servant to God, ever watchful for the hour of judgement is at hand.
Eniyono hymn from Tuesday morning prayer: "The kind of repentance of the Ninevites had never been heard of before in the world. For all men & beasts kept an uncommon fast. When the Lord saw their perseverance He removed their punishment & had mercy upon them"
St. Luke 4:24-32
Isaiah 57: 13-19
Acts 8: 9-25
St. Matthew 24:36-46
Tuesday Syriac Prayers: https://goo.gl/hxrwKS
An article by Dr. Babu Paul sir: https://goo.gl/uLVf5d
St. Jude the Apostle
27 January 2021
Wednesday of Nineveh Lent (Arb`o-bshabo d'sawmo d-ninwoyé)
The Wednesday of the Fast of Nineveh (Arb`o bshabo d'sawmo d-ninwoyé) according to the liturgical calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
The reading from Jonah recounts his repentance in the belly of the whale. Jonah cries out to the Lord who hears his plea, & in His infinite mercy God makes the whale spit Jonah out onto the shore. Jonah accepts the calling that God has given, & warns the Ninevites of their impending judgment & doom. From the king himself to the lowly slaves, they all fasted & prayed with tears of repentance. The Lord almighty seeing that the Ninevites truly turned away from evil, spares their city from judgement & destruction.
In the reading from St. Luke, our Lord says 'Blessed are those who hear the word of God and keep it.' He warns us that as Jonah preached the message of repentance before God to the Ninevites, so too is the message of the Messiah unto the entire world. Many will seek signs etc because they are too evil to accept the Gospel truth. However, 'no sign shall be given... For a greater than Jonah is here.'
On this third day of fasting, let us supplicate as the Ninevites, so that the Lord may see our repentant soul & spare us from the rods of wrath.
St. Luke 11:5-13, 29-32
Zephaniah 1:11-2: 4 2:11-3:15
St. James 1:13-27
St. Luke 11:27-36
II Peter 2:1-8
II Thessalonians 5:12-24
St. Mathew 12:38-50
Mor Severios, Patriarch of Antioch (+538)
28 January 2021
Remembered annually on The Thursday after the Fast of Nineveh.
The commemoration of the dhukrono of St. Severus of Antioch +538 according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church. St. Severus the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch is known by the epithet togho dsuryoye "crown of the Syrians".
Born at Sozopolis in the province of Pisidia (now Sozopolo in Bulgaria) around AD 459, his grandfather was one of the bishops who attended the Ecumenical Council of Ephesus (431). His grandfather, whose name was also Severus, saw in a vision someone telling him, "The child who is for your son will strengthen Orthodoxy, & his name will be after your name."
During his reign he never deviated from the path of his asceticism and abstinence. He removed luxurious living from the patriarchal palace, while devoting his energy to reform and the dispensation of church affairs by visiting the neighboring dioceses & monasteries in person or by letter. When Justin I, the Chalcedonian, succeeded Anastasius in 518, he called upon him & gave him great honors to persuade him to change his stand and to follow the Emperor's belief, but the Saint refused. The Emperor became angry, & ordered him to be killed. Theodora, the Emperor's wife who was Syriac Orthodox in faith, knowing what the Emperor intended to do, told him to flee. So Justin banished a group of Orthodox bishops, antagonizing Severus who left for Egypt. He travelled everywhere & visited monasteries disguised as a monk. He strengthened the faith of the believers in the Orthodox doctrine. God performed through him many miracles. In 518 upon the vacancy of the See of Antioch because of persecution, the Chalcedonians took control.
The Syrian Orthodox Church in its 5th Diptych remembers St. Severus as the crown of Syrians, the eloquent mouth, the pillar & the doctor of the Holy Church of God as a whole, the meadow abounding in blossom who preached all the time that Mary was undoubtedly the God-bearer.
Full biography: http://www.soc-wus.org/ourchurch/St.%20Severus,%20Patriarch%20of%20Antioch.htm
This prayer of Mor Severius is used in the Compline prayers of the Syriac Orthodox Church
"In 1779, Patriarch George IV fixed the festival of Mar Barsoum the ascetic onthe Thursday preceding Lent, and the festival of Mar Severus (of Antioch) on the Thursday following the Fast of Nineveh. The reason for this change was that the congregations of Mardin and Diyarbakr celebrated these two festivals on February 3 and 8."
- History of the Syriac Dioceses
Thursday of the Fast of Nineveh (Hamsho-bshabo d'sawmo d-ninwoyé)
Hamsho-bshabo d'sawmo d-ninwoyé
Before Holy Qurbana:
Genesis 18: 23-33
Joshua 7: 6-13
St. James 4:7-17
St. Luke 12:54-13:9
Severus of Kafar Ze
29 January 2021
In hagiography: Severus of Kafar Ze was the superior of the monastery of Qartmin and was mentioned in the Life of Rabban Samuel of Qartmin
Severus of Kafar Ze +410
In hagiography: Severus of Kafar Ze was the superior of the monastery of Qartmin
Transfer of the relics of St. Ignatius of Antioch
29 January 2021 - 30 January 2021
The Transfer of the Relics of the Hieromartyr Ignatius the God-Bearer: After the holy hieromartyr Ignatius was thrown to the lions in the year 107 on the orders of the emperor Trajan, Christians gathered up his bones and preserved them at Rome.
Later, in the year 108, the saint’s relics were collected and buried outside the gate of Daphne at Antioch. A second transfer, to the city of Antioch itself, took place in the year 438. After the capture of Antioch by the Persians, the relics of the Hieromartyr Ignatius were returned to Rome and placed into the church of the holy Hieromartyr Clement in the year 540 (in 637, according to other sources).
St. Hippolytus of Rome +235
30 January 2021
Kohne - All Departed Clergy
31 January 2021
The Sunday of the Departed Priests (had'bshabo d'kohne) according to the Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Malankara.
The two weeks leading up to the beginning of the Great Fast is devoted to the departed. This Sunday is a special day to remember all the departed priests who have served the Holy Church. May their memory be forever eternal.
Kohanaik aaaneeh bainos keene brodhaaloho... B hoy malkooothok Lo mesh tharyo amqadishe!
St. Matthew 25:13-30
St. Luke 19:11-27
Before Holy Qurbono:
Great Wisdom 4:7-16
I Thessalonians 4:13-5:11
St. Matthew 24:42-51
For sermons/commentaries based on the Gospel reading: https://goo.gl/QFwuAJ
Tone of the Day: 7 (3 for alternate days of the week)
Syriac Prayers: https://goo.gl/TriKnw
St. John of Edessa (John Thaumatargus)
In hagiography: John of Edessa was a priest from Edessa who nourished 12 holy men in a cave. He became friends with Paul of Edessa, his workman, who was actually a Latin bishop in disguise. The two lived a life of prayer and spiritual companionship. They travelled to Sinai. Back in Edessa, they interacted with Matthew the eunuch, a woman hiding in a monastery. They travelled to Jerusalem. Paul performed miracles and fled to Nisibis. John found him there, and Paul told him to return to Edessa. Paul died, and John died 8 months later.
The Virgin Martyrs along with Cyrus & John of Egypt+311
Virgin Martyr Eudoxia at Canopus in Egypt with sisters Theodota and Theoctiste, mother Athanasia, Saints Cyrus and John
Tryphaena of Cyzicus
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